medieval-religion: Scholarly discussions of medieval religion and culture
From: John Wickstrom <[log in to unmask]>
> Christopher, thank you for the very useful comments. I would also vote for a
mountain lion (skin), perhaps taken, as you suggest, on the way down from
well, i didn't say he picked it up on the way *down*.
since the illumination depicts a scene in France, he might have found it on
his way back North.
too close to call, given the somewhat skimpy evidence at hand.
>Though there are those spots...
the mountain cats of the Alps being extinct, low these many centuries, who
knows what they looked like?
indeed, this may be the only extant painting of one.
>The matter of the "scales" or measures for bread and wine have their origins
in the Rule of Benedict. Chapters 39 and 40 specify a "libra" of bread and a
hemina" of wine per monk per day.
have to brush up on my Reguala reading, obviously.
> I'm particularly grateful for the comments about Harderadus. The term in the
Vita is indeed 'vice-Dominus' (ch. 16 in the AASS edition).
i must not be looking at the right AASS vita --it's in ch. III in the one i
have (by St. Fausto), and doesn't follow your text exactly.
there's another mention of him --and his loverly wife Cćcilia-- in caput
> I could not find the term elsewhere in Carolingian sources
the VICEDOMINUS entry in DuCange runs to 12 columns and gave me a terrific
headache when i tried to wade through it some years ago.
my memory is that there are some mentions of the term as early as the early
9th c. (though the function of the office back then was not at all clear), but
the hay-day for it was the 11th-12th cc.
there is, btw, a _Gestis Pontificum Cenomanensii_ --which i've never read--
which might have something on your guy H.
>and so decided on "chancellor" as a sort of equivalent...
not a good choice.
nothing "chancelloresque" about vidames, as best i can make out.
they weren't scholards.
>a bad choice considering the issues of clerical status it raises.
among other reasons.
>Perhaps this text provides one of the earlier uses of that term, which you
say is traceable to the 11th c.
i was speaking only of Chartres, for that date.
actually, my memory is that there is some (single) mention of a Vidame at
Chartres in the 10th c., but the historical horizon for the office doesn't
come up until the mid-11th at the earliest.
>(The VM is from the 860s, probably).
DuCange should note it, then.
not much got through that guy's fine net.
i've come across some amazingly obscure references there.
nothing like Sublimation to enhance Obscurity.
>So what sort of English term could be used to approximate this idea?
the only term which i've ever seen, and the only one which works.
there were German vicedominae (DuCange again), but i don't know if the
backwards English had them.
if they did, "vidame" is the word which the secondary literature in English
would use, i should think.
>Your description of this office's functions is exactly the sort of work that
H. does in the text:
not in the vita i'm looking at, apparently.
>serving as a liaison with the royal court in the monks' early days in France,
and arranging for a purchase of land when Maurus's original deal with the
bishop of LeMans falls through
DuCange quoted some texts which lumped the vidames in with the provosts, i
think; which would stand to reason, if the guy's main job had to do with the
property in the episcopal _fisc_.
your text might be one of the very few which mention specific tasks done by a
they are generally thought of as rather "mysterious" characters --due to the
lack of suchlike appearances in the texts. usually, they just appear in
witness lists, among the entourage of a bishop or within a group of chapter
in Chartres the vidames had a "tower" in the bishop's close, just off the apse
of the cathedral.
there is a 19th c. study of the vidames, in French, but i've never seen it.
>(another odd problem, assuming the whole life is a fiction by Glanfeuil's
extraordinary abbot Odo, fl. 860s-80s.)
as i said, the only life i can find in the on-line ed. of the AASS is by this
guy St. Fausto.
> Also the Glanfeuil charters were published in the early part of the last
might be on the http://www.gallica.bnf.fr site, then.
>though there are probably no legitimate charters from before about 900.
always a problem.
those Norsemen and their matches made a pretty clean sweep of everything north
of the Loire, apparently, trying their very best to bring some Light to the
>I didn't know about the publishing of the Fossés material. Do you have a
reference for that?
i have a "firm" memory of having purchased a volume of it from the Brepols
boys at the 'zoo some years ago, but can't seem to find it on the Brepols site
so much for my 'firm' memories which, more and more often, are turning out to
be made of sand at low tide.
no trace of the damned thing on the net, either.
yet i am *sure* that it was......
i'll have to look at home, see if i can turn it up.
sorry about that.
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