medieval-religion: Scholarly discussions of medieval religion and culture
From: Karl Brunner <[log in to unmask]>
> Often "wine" is as good as money or gold: I think it is meant the
tribute of a vinyard or the income of a certain amount of wine
people sell for the benefit of the altar, and from this sum the
clergy related to the altar and/or the things you need there are
sponsored. But my evidences for such an interpretation are from a
many thanks, Karl.
yet another possibility, i suppose.
but i don't think that my text says "vinyard" --it is a question of "C modios
and i take "modios" here as refering to a measure of *capaicity* --in this
case, of wine-- the root of the Old French "muid".
of course, the size of a "modius" varied from region to region (see the very
long article on the word in DuCange), but i am associating it (for no good
reason at all) with a late medieval iron example now in the museum at
it is (as i dimly recall) about the diameter of a "standard" modern barrel,
but only about a quarter or perhaps a third as tall.
this was, i believe, the Chartrain "muid", used for measuring either grain or
i believe that this is the English "hogshead", the French "muid", and the
would "vini" in my source refer to a "vinyard"?
wouldn't something like "vinearium" be more likely for that?
100 _muids_ of wine would have been a considerable quantity: 25-30 modern
barrels, if my calculation above is right.
i wonder how much wine the cathedral would have burned through in a year,
in the Mare's Nest i am trying to construct from this passage in the cathedral
necrology, the origin of the sacramental wine would have had a rather special
significance for the canons of the cathedral, if it had come --especially as a
deathbed gift-- from their late and beloved saintly ("sacratissimę")bishop
this gift is at the very end of a long list of accomplishments.
i enclude below a rough transcription of the whole of Ivo's obituary notice,
on the off chance that something else in it might be of interest to someone
thanks again, Karl.
Ipso etiam die, dominicę Incarnationis anno MCXVo obiit pater Ivo, hujus
sacratissimę sedis antistes, vir magnę religionis, ecclesiasticorum et
secularium negotioram prudentissimus, mitis affatu, pacientia insignis,
castitate pollens, et tam in divinis quam in philosophia eruditissimus, qui
sex pallia bona et septem capas et infalas tres et tapetia tria decori hujus
ecclesie contulit; libram missalem, et epistolarium, et textam evangeliorum,
et unum lectionarium matutinalem dedit, et omnes argento paravit; palpitam
miri decoris construxit; scolas fecit; domum episcopalem, quam vilem et
ligneam, quam in obita vel discessu episcoporum, quibusdam pravis
consuetudinibus per violentiam Carnotensium comitum inductis, ancillatam
invenerat, speciosam et lapideam a fundameato refecit, et cum omnibus ad ipsam
pertinentibus, sive mobilibus sive inmobilibus, ex ancilla liberam reddidit,
libertatemque ipsam astipulatione privilegioram et Romanę sedis et regis et
comitis, que in archivis hujus ęcclesię habentur, confirmavit; terram etiam
quamdam contiguam eidem domui, ad amplitudinem ipsias domus, a vicedomino
adquisivit et muro clausit. Apud Pontem Godanum alias domos ad usus
episcopales edificavit eandemque villam in multis [C] melioravit. Abatiam
Sancti Johannis ex seculari in regularem convertit, instituit et auxit.
Consilio et auxilio ipsias monasterium infirmorum apud Bellum locum
constitutum fuit. Junioratus omnes hujus ęcclesię et precarias in communes
redegit usus, et eas in posterum personis distribui tam suo quam apostolico
privilegio vetuit; angarias et injustas exactiones et pravas servientum
discursiones fieri per preposituras eisdem privilegiis prohibuit. Ad
augmentandam tabalam altaris, idem moriens C modios vini reliquit, et in
aliis pluribus huic ęcclesię et clericis suis multa bona fecit.
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