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Subject:

Re: Juglans regia introductions to the UK

From:

Allan Hall <[log in to unmask]>

Reply-To:

The archaeobotany mailing list <[log in to unmask]>, Allan Hall <[log in to unmask]>

Date:

Thu, 25 May 2006 11:30:30 +0100

Content-Type:

text/plain

Parts/Attachments:

Parts/Attachments

text/plain (194 lines)

Seren - 

Wendy's message reminds me I haven't chipped in with records from the ABCD.
Although there will be more than these yet to add, the current list
comprises the following for nutshell:

Roman:
Castleford, W Yks, 
Bar Hill, Antonine Wall
Langton Villa, N Yks
Chew Park and Low Ham, nr Bristol
Gorhambury, Herts
Billingsgate, London
General Accident site (Tanner Row), York
Rougier St, York
Skeldergate Well, York
Vindolanda 
Culver St, Colchester
Scole Well, Norfolk

and for the medieval (in the broad sense) period

Saxon/Anglo-Scand:
Castle Acre, Norfolk
Coppergate, York
Lurk Ln, Beverley [this is what Wendy has quoted as Long Lane]
Milk St, London
Pavement, York
Whitefriars St, Norwich
Dublin 
Staunch Meadow, Brandon, Suffolk

Early medieval:
Baker Ln, Kings Lynn
Eastgate, Beverley
Peter St area, Waterford (ROI) (mid 11 - late 12)

C12-13:
Rougier St, York

late C12-mid C14:
Peter St area, Waterford (ROI)

C13:
Southampton (various sites)
Stockbridge, Newcastle

C13-14:
Kirk Close, Perth

C14:
Mansion House, Newcastle

C15:
Paisley Abbey

'High Medieval':
Baker Ln, Kings Lynn
High St/Blackfriargate, Hull
Scale Ln/Lowgate, Hull
Eastgate, Beverley

Late medieval:
Dominican Priory, Oxford
Woolster St, Pymouth

Medieval (not dated more closely):
General Accident site (Tanner Row), York
Dundas Wharf, Bristol
St Martin at Palace Plain, Norwich

C15-16:
mansion House, Newcastle

Post-med:
Christchurch Priory, Hants
Castle Ditch, Newcastle
James St, Drogheda (ROI)
Dudley Castle, W Mids
Queen St, Hull 

There are records of wood from

C15 Paisley Abbey:
mid Saxon North Elmham Park (cf. Juglans)

of twigs from:
Langton Villa, N Yks

pollen from late medieval Cowick, E Yorks and late med Glenluce, Dumfries
and Galloway

and medieval charcoal from
North St, Lewes, E Sussex

 
... which might be helpful - do ask for details if needed.

Allan

Dr Allan Hall, English Heritage Senior Research Fellow, Department of
Archaeology, University of York, The King's Manor, York YO1 7EP, UK
+44 1904 434950 (fax 433902)
http://www.york.ac.uk/depts/arch/staff/Hall.htm


-----Original Message-----
From: The archaeobotany mailing list [mailto:[log in to unmask]]
On Behalf Of wendy carruthers
Sent: 25 May 2006 10:57
To: [log in to unmask]
Subject: Re: Juglans regia introductions to the UK


Hi Seren,
It was good to see you on Saturday & I found the meeting really useful &
enjoyable.

My main walnut finds were from Reading Waterfront, several phases from late
C12th to C15th (see p. 89, Wessex Archaeology report no. 5, 1997). In my own
old-fashioned file card records I have also noted the following;

Earliest post-R = pre AD851 ditch, McKenna, WJB (1991) Long Lane, Beverley,
Sheff Exc Rep 1, 209-215

C12th pollen from Nantwich, Sue Colledge AML rep 3347

RB pollen Davies & Turner, 1979 New Phytologist 82 (but only 1 grain !)

Other authors say the absence of RB pollen suggests walnuts were only
imported in RB (Roach, F.A. (1985) Cultivated Fruits of Britain.
Blackwell.cultivated fruits & nuts book; Greig review - Greig, James R.A.
(1991) The British Isles. In Willem van Zeist, Krystyna Wasylikowa &
Karl-Ernst Behre, Progress in Old World Palaeoethnobotany. A.A. Balkema,
Rotterdam. 299-334.)

But I have a pers. comm.. from Isabel Figuerial that she has RB charcoal
from Kingscotte (could be furniture?)

I'm sure I have some other Med finds, but nothing v. early.
Do you know about Helmut Kroll's European database? - v. useful. Happy
searching! Best Wishes, Wendy

-----Original Message-----
From: The archaeobotany mailing list [mailto:[log in to unmask]]
On Behalf Of seren griffiths
Sent: 18 May 2006 16:21
To: [log in to unmask]
Subject: FW: Juglans regia introductions to the UK

Dear All
Sorry that came out before I'd finished it, it should have read: Does anyone
have any references for the introduction of Walnut to the UK? I've got a
couple of refs for the 13/15th century from disperate sites across the UK,
and know about Roman egs, but was wondering if there was a paper anyone
could think of more directly addressing the period in between? Many thanks
Seren
 
Seren Griffiths 
Environmental Archaeology 
Oxford Archaeology
Janus House 
Osney Mead 
Oxford 
OX2 0ES 
 

________________________________

From: The archaeobotany mailing list on behalf of seren griffiths
Sent: Thu 18/05/2006 10:13
To: [log in to unmask]
Subject: Juglans regia introductions to the UK



Dear All
Has anyone got any useful refs for the introduction of the Walnut to the
UK-got a couple of disperate 13/15th century stuff, directly addressing
it.... Cheers S

Seren Griffiths
Environmental Archaeology
Oxford Archaeology
Janus House
Osney Mead
Oxford
OX2 0ES



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