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MEDIEVAL-RELIGION  April 2005

MEDIEVAL-RELIGION April 2005

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Subject:

Re: CHARTRES Saint-Piat

From:

Pecia <[log in to unmask]>

Reply-To:

medieval-religion - Scholarly discussions of medieval religious culture <[log in to unmask]>

Date:

Sun, 24 Apr 2005 09:31:07 +0200

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text/plain

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medieval-religion: Scholarly discussions of medieval religion and culture

Merci Jim pour toutes ces précisions.
Chartres fut très tôt dans la visée des rois de Bretagne, Nominoë (mort en
851 au départ d'une marche sur cette ville ...) et Erispoë. Alain Barbe
Torte (+ 952) épousa une soeur de Thibaut le Tricheur comte de Chartres.
Fuyant les Normands, les moines bretons (surtout du Nord de la Bretagne,
c.a.d. Dol, Saint-Malo, Tréguier) ont certainement déposé leurs précieuses
reliques dans la cathédrale chartraine.
Une colonie de bretons s'installa à Chartres, que nous décrit un pasage des
"Miracles de Notre-Dame" (XIIIe s.) :
"A Chartres avoit une gent
Qui Chartres aiment par costume;
Tot ne geisent il pas sus plume;
Si sont il gent de grant proesce;
A Chartres ont leur forteresse,
Cliouse des fosez Sainte Foi;
Vers Dieu et sa mere ont grant foi
Et d'une rue ont la baillie
Qui a non la Bretonnerie:
Ce sont Bretons, né de Breteigne,
De Seint Mallo portent l'enseigne ..."

[Sources : Lucien MERLET, Une colonie de Bretons à Chartres, dans Revue de
Bretagne, avril 1892]

ps : je n'ai pas souvenir que st Piat ait un culte en Bretagne.

jl deuffic
[log in to unmask]

----- Original Message ----- 
From: "Jim Bugslag" <[log in to unmask]>
To: <[log in to unmask]>
Sent: Sunday, April 24, 2005 12:44 AM
Subject: Re: [M-R] CHARTRES Saint-Piat


medieval-religion: Scholarly discussions of medieval religion and culture

The figures in the six lancets of the east window in the St Piat Chapel are:
St Turiaf,
St Thecla, St Piat, St Tugdual, an unidentifiable bishop saint, and another
unidentifiable bishop saint.  I have tried to make a case for these six
figures
referring to the "treasury" of relics that once stood in the axial arcade of
the
sanctuary in Chartres Cathedral.  This consisted of a raised platform,
reached by
spiral stairs in the flanking bays, with a pyramid of six compartments, each
of which
contained a reliquary.  All of the identifiable saints are mentioned in this
location in
the early treasury inventories, and the unidentifiable bishops were probably
early
bishops of Chartres, whose relics are recorded in the same place, probably
St
Soleine and St Bethaire.  The presence of Breton saints is notable, not only
St
Tugdual (or however one spells it), but St Turiaf, as well, a bishop of Dol.
These
apparently came to Chartres during the Norman invasions, as did the relics
of St
Piat.  Although the latter eventually became confused with the more famous
St Piat,
up in Belgium, he was apparently a completely separate saint who also hailed
from
Bretagne.

> what you want to look at is his later work on the glass, _Les vitraux de
la
> cathédrale de Chartres / histoire et description par Y. Delaporte
> reproductions par É. Houvet._  Chartres: É. Houvet, 1926.  xx, 532 p.,
ill.
> ; and atlas. 3 v. 212 plates

Delaporte's article on the St Piat chapel glass is still the most definitive
work on this
glass.  Rather frustratingly, he did not include it in his 1926 monograph.
The French
committee of the Corpus Vitrearum is currently, I believe, working on this
glass, and
there should be more good studies appearing shortly.
Cheers,
Jim Bugslag
PS. My own work on this was briefly published as "Entre espace pictural et
architectural. La fenetre est de la chapelle Saint-Piat a la cathedrale de
Chartres,"
in Representations architecturales dans les vitraux, Dossier de la
Commission
Royale des Monuments, Sites et Fouilles, 9 (Liege, 2002), pp. 85-94.

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