JiscMail Logo
Email discussion lists for the UK Education and Research communities

Help for MEDIEVAL-RELIGION Archives


MEDIEVAL-RELIGION Archives

MEDIEVAL-RELIGION Archives


MEDIEVAL-RELIGION@JISCMAIL.AC.UK


View:

Message:

[

First

|

Previous

|

Next

|

Last

]

By Topic:

[

First

|

Previous

|

Next

|

Last

]

By Author:

[

First

|

Previous

|

Next

|

Last

]

Font:

Proportional Font

LISTSERV Archives

LISTSERV Archives

MEDIEVAL-RELIGION Home

MEDIEVAL-RELIGION Home

MEDIEVAL-RELIGION  February 2005

MEDIEVAL-RELIGION February 2005

Options

Subscribe or Unsubscribe

Subscribe or Unsubscribe

Log In

Log In

Get Password

Get Password

Subject:

Re: Obit Sister Lucia

From:

Christopher Crockett <[log in to unmask]>

Reply-To:

medieval-religion - Scholarly discussions of medieval religious culture <[log in to unmask]>

Date:

Wed, 16 Feb 2005 12:37:38 -0500

Content-Type:

text/plain

Parts/Attachments:

Parts/Attachments

text/plain (197 lines)

medieval-religion: Scholarly discussions of medieval religion and culture

The Telegraph has many more interesting details.

looks like she's headed for Phyllis' list, for sure.

c

http://telegraph.co.uk/news/main.jhtml;sessionid=YXH4NXUYQVTQXQFIQMGSM5WAVCBQWJVC?view=DETAILS&grid=&targetRule=10&xml=/news/2005/02/15/db1501.xml&secureRefresh=true&_requestid=61867

Sister Lucia De Jesus Dos Santos
(Filed: 15/02/2005)

Sister Lucia De Jesus Dos Santos, who died on Sunday aged 97, was the last of
the three children said to have seen apparitions of the Virgin Mary outside
the Portuguese town of Fatima in 1917.

Although the Roman Catholic Church is extremely wary of private revelations,
several popes have indicated their personal acceptance of the authenticity of
the appearances; in 1983, John Paul II beatified the two other children
involved. Nevertheless, some commentators, usually outside the Church, have
continued to question the authenticity of the miracles, while a tiny minority
of Catholics has cast doubts on elements which have periodically been made
public.

On six occasions between May and October 1917, Lucia claimed, the Virgin Mary
appeared to her and her cousins, Jacinta and Francisco Marto, while they
tended the family sheep. She urged them to pray the rosary daily for world
peace and to bear their daily hardships as a sacrifice to ensure that sinners
reached heaven.

A crowd of 50,000 arrived at Fatima on October 13 1917, the date of the final
apparition - at which the Virgin had promised a "miraculous sign so that all
may believe". Thousands claimed that they saw the sun turn red and spin
violently on its axis, though others suggested they had merely witnessed an
eclipse.

Exactly six months earlier, the Virgin had made her first appearance to the
children as they played after lunch on a rocky slope. Seeing a flash of white
light over a holm oak tree, they feared a thunderstorm, and were shepherding
the flock downhill when they met a lady by the tree "shining white, brighter
than the sun", as Lucia recorded in her memoirs.

Announcing that she was from heaven, the Virgin said that she would appear to
them for six successive months, at the same place and on the same day each
month, revealing her identity during the final vision.

Subsequently, she confided a terrible vision of hell "where poor sinners go",
showing blackened souls floating in a fiery pool. If humanity did not repent,
warned the Virgin, a second, more terrible war would break out.

This was the first of the Three Secrets of Fatima. The second predicted that
Russia would return to Christianity and, in 1944, while gravely ill, Lucia
sent a sealed envelope containing the contents of the Third Secret of Fatima
to the Vatican, with strict instructions that it should not be opened before
1960.

The then Pope, John XXIII, announced that the secret did not concern him, and
it mouldered in the Vatican vaults for a further 40 years. This prompted
rumours that it contained an awful vision of the apocalpyse or referred to
problems in the Church since the second Vatican Council. Such speculation even
led a former Trappist monk to hijack an Aer Lingus plane in 1981, threatening
to blow it up unless the secret was revealed.

When, in 2000, the Church finally disclosed that the secret consisted of an
allegorical vision showing a bishop clad in white, who had been shot and was
stumbling across a field strewn with corpses to reach the Cross, many were
disappointed. Rumours of an undisclosed "third part of the third secret"
abounded; but the Church suggested that the vision was a prophecy of the
assassination attempt on John Paul II in St Peter's Square by a Turkish gunman
in 1982; John Paul II himself attributed his salvation to the Virgin of
Fatima, declaring "one hand fired and another hand guided the bullet away".

The next year, he placed the bullet in the crown of the Virgin of Fatima, the
image of the Virgin in the Portuguese town; and, in 2000, the Pope beatified
Francisco and Jacinta Marto, thus placing them on the path to sainthood. Both
had died in childhood, as predicted by the Virgin during the 1917 apparitions.
But she had told Lucia that her mission was to remain on earth to spread the
Fatima message of prayer, penance and life conversion.

The seventh and last child of Antonio Dos Santos and Maria Rosa e Rosa, Lucia
Dos Santos was born on March 22 1907 at Aljustrel, a hamlet of Fatima. Her
earliest memories included learning the Hail Mary as her mother taught the
prayer to her elder sister. Though her father was somewhat slack in his
religious duties, Lucia's mother catechised and taught the Bible stories to
most of the village children.

On feast days and festivals, Lucia's sisters would dress her in hats adorned
with gold beads and fringed shawls and bring her to dances, where she would
sing for the crowds. If there were a shortage of female partners, she would
dance the waltz. However, on making her First Holy Communion at the age of
seven, Lucia renounced such worldly pleasures, preferring instead to meditate
on spiritual matters. She had plenty of opportunity when sent, that year, to
shepherd the family sheep on land in Fatima. Soon she had her first vision of
an angel, a rather blurred apparition resembling, she told her family,
"somebody wrapped up in a sheet"; the description drew much teasing from her
siblings.

While watching over the family sheep with her cousins the following year,
Lucia saw another angel, this time resembling "a boy of great beauty, about 14
years old, whiter than snow, transparent as crystal when the sun shines
through it". Announcing that he was "the Angel of Peace", the apparition
taught the children prayers, showing them a vision of a chalice above which he
held the Eucharist, which was dripping blood. He revealed, in two subsequent
visions, that Jesus and Mary had special plans in store for them.

Despite this, it came as a shock when, on May 13 1917, the Virgin Mary
appeared to the children over the oak tree. Before ascending to heaven, she
opened her hands towards them and, Lucia later wrote, streams of light issued
from her hands and appeared to pierce the children's chests. Having announced
her reappearances, the Virgin asked for a church to be built on the Cova da
Iria, the spot at which she appeared. She added that the First World War, then
in its penultimate year, would soon end.

News of the apparitions spread quickly. Although Lucia had urged silence,
six-year-old Jacinta found it impossible to say nothing. As Lucia suspected,
trouble followed: all the children were interrogated together and separately
by priests and a psychologist. Lucia was severely scolded by her mother, who
threatened to beat her unless she confessed that the apparitions were a lie.

Shortly before the apparition in August, the regional adminstrator kidnapped
the children and, in a series of separate interviews, threatened to boil them
alive in oil if they did not deny the apparitions. When this failed, he cast
them for a night into the county jail, where Francisco led the prisoners in
prayer and Jacinta danced the fandango with a thief. The children interpreted
these hardships as the suffering predicted for them by the Virgin Mary.

In the meantime, pilgrims were appearing at Fatima before the monthly
apparitions, begging the seers to ask the Virgin for favours. Some 50,000
people were present on October 13 for the final vision, on a rainy morning. At
about 1 pm the children arrived, and Lucia told the crowds to put away their
umbrellas. Suddenly she shrieked "Look at the sun!", and members of the crowd
later testified that it changed colour, and began to turn on its axis as
though dancing, as it hurtled towards the earth. Lucia later revealed that,
while the crowd witnessed the sun change colour, the seers witnessed visions
of the Virgin Mary and also Jesus and Joseph in the sky.

Within five years, Lucia was the only seer still alive, and had gone, at the
Virgin's suggestion, to learn to read and write at the village school. In
1923, her mother smuggled her out of Fatima and into the convent school of the
nuns of the Institute of St Dorothy at Oporto. To disguise her identity, the
nuns re-named her Maria das Dores.

By 1925, Lucia had entered their novitiate at Pontevedra, over the border in
Spain, where she saw fresh visions of the Virgin and Child Jesus. In one, Mary
told Lucia about a spiritual exercise she had mentioned at Fatima involving
the faithful attending Mass on the first Saturday of each month for five
consecutive months in order to offer prayers and sacrifice for the conversion
of Russia. Later, the Child Jesus appeared to Lucia in the convent's backyard
when she was taking out the rubbish, and urged her to spread this devotion
throughout the world.

In 1929 the Virgin Mary instructed Lucia to tell the Pope about this and to
ask him to say a special prayer, in union with every Catholic bishop in the
world, consecrating the entire world - but especially Russia - to her
immaculate heart. Only thus, said the Virgin, would Russia be prevented from
spreading its errors (Communism).

When a letter from the Bishops' Conference of Portugal failed to elicit a
papal response, Lucia's bishop and her spiritual confessor urged her to write
a personal letter to Pope Pius XII. Despite strong misgivings, she complied,
signing herself "the least of the daughters of the Church"; and, in 1942, the
Pope made the consecration. However, he failed to ask the other Catholic
bishops in the world to unite with him in prayer. In 1984, John Paul II
repeated the consecration in Rome in union with the world's bishops. For years
malcontents speculated that the consecration was incomplete; but in 1989,
months after the fall of the Iron Curtain, Sister Lucia announced that
"heaven" had accepted the Pope's 1984 consecration.

Since taking her final vows in 1928 Lucia, now known as Lucia de Jesus, had
tried to keep a low profile in the convent, though she was constantly besieged
by visitors. She wrote four separate accounts of the 1917 visions to satisfy
her bishop and spiritual director, who guessed correctly that Lucia was
suppressing the full story. In a letter attached to her fourth memoir,
finished in December 1941, Lucia told her bishop that she had finally told
all, and felt like a "skeleton stripped bare and put on exhibition in the
museum of the world".

In March 1948 Sister Lucia transferred from the Institute of St Dorothy to the
Convent of Carmel at Coimbra, Portugal, by special permission, and though
never seen by the public, she would sometimes reply to written requests for
prayer. In response to the deluge of questions and requests regarding Fatima,
in 2000 Lucia wrote a 354-page book, Appeals of the Fatima Message,
summarising the visions and their message.

**********************************************************************
To join the list, send the message: join medieval-religion YOUR NAME
to: [log in to unmask]
To send a message to the list, address it to:
[log in to unmask]
To leave the list, send the message: leave medieval-religion
to: [log in to unmask]
In order to report problems or to contact the list's owners, write to:
[log in to unmask]
For further information, visit our web site:
http://www.jiscmail.ac.uk/lists/medieval-religion.html

Top of Message | Previous Page | Permalink

JiscMail Tools


RSS Feeds and Sharing


Advanced Options


Archives

October 2019
September 2019
August 2019
July 2019
June 2019
May 2019
April 2019
March 2019
February 2019
January 2019
December 2018
November 2018
October 2018
September 2018
August 2018
July 2018
June 2018
May 2018
April 2018
March 2018
February 2018
January 2018
December 2017
November 2017
October 2017
September 2017
August 2017
July 2017
June 2017
May 2017
April 2017
March 2017
February 2017
January 2017
December 2016
November 2016
October 2016
September 2016
August 2016
July 2016
June 2016
May 2016
April 2016
March 2016
February 2016
January 2016
December 2015
November 2015
October 2015
September 2015
August 2015
July 2015
June 2015
May 2015
April 2015
March 2015
February 2015
January 2015
December 2014
November 2014
October 2014
September 2014
August 2014
July 2014
June 2014
May 2014
April 2014
March 2014
February 2014
January 2014
December 2013
November 2013
October 2013
September 2013
August 2013
July 2013
June 2013
May 2013
April 2013
March 2013
February 2013
January 2013
December 2012
November 2012
October 2012
September 2012
August 2012
July 2012
June 2012
May 2012
April 2012
March 2012
February 2012
January 2012
December 2011
November 2011
October 2011
September 2011
August 2011
July 2011
June 2011
May 2011
April 2011
March 2011
February 2011
January 2011
December 2010
November 2010
October 2010
September 2010
August 2010
July 2010
June 2010
May 2010
April 2010
March 2010
February 2010
January 2010
December 2009
November 2009
October 2009
September 2009
August 2009
July 2009
June 2009
May 2009
April 2009
March 2009
February 2009
January 2009
December 2008
November 2008
October 2008
September 2008
August 2008
July 2008
June 2008
May 2008
April 2008
March 2008
February 2008
January 2008
December 2007
November 2007
October 2007
September 2007
August 2007
July 2007
June 2007
May 2007
April 2007
March 2007
February 2007
January 2007
December 2006
November 2006
October 2006
September 2006
August 2006
July 2006
June 2006
May 2006
April 2006
March 2006
February 2006
January 2006
December 2005
November 2005
October 2005
September 2005
August 2005
July 2005
June 2005
May 2005
April 2005
March 2005
February 2005
January 2005
December 2004
November 2004
October 2004
September 2004
August 2004
July 2004
June 2004
May 2004
April 2004
March 2004
February 2004
January 2004
December 2003
November 2003
October 2003
September 2003
August 2003
July 2003
June 2003
May 2003
April 2003
March 2003
February 2003
January 2003
December 2002
November 2002
October 2002
September 2002
August 2002
July 2002
June 2002
May 2002
April 2002
March 2002
February 2002
January 2002
December 2001
November 2001
October 2001
September 2001
August 2001
July 2001
June 2001
May 2001
April 2001
March 2001
February 2001
January 2001
December 2000
November 2000
October 2000
September 2000
August 2000
July 2000
June 2000
May 2000
April 2000
March 2000
February 2000
January 2000
December 1999
November 1999
October 1999
September 1999
August 1999
July 1999
June 1999
May 1999
April 1999
March 1999
February 1999
January 1999
December 1998
November 1998
October 1998
September 1998
August 1998
July 1998
June 1998
May 1998
April 1998
March 1998
February 1998
January 1998
December 1997
November 1997
October 1997
September 1997
August 1997
July 1997
June 1997
May 1997
April 1997
March 1997
February 1997
January 1997
December 1996
November 1996
October 1996
September 1996
August 1996
July 1996
June 1996
May 1996
April 1996


JiscMail is a Jisc service.

View our service policies at https://www.jiscmail.ac.uk/policyandsecurity/ and Jisc's privacy policy at https://www.jisc.ac.uk/website/privacy-notice

Secured by F-Secure Anti-Virus CataList Email List Search Powered by the LISTSERV Email List Manager