I'd just like to nip in the bud the suggestion that the Guildhall produced any bear bones. One was apparently found in a Roman level, within or close to the amphitheatre (obviously representing the remains of an animal used to entertain the crowds), and was identified on site. However, after an exhaustive search through the bone archives, this bone has not been found. The suggestion is that it is either lost, or it was misidentified. However, several bear bones have been found in London sites, mostly from those associated with bear-baiting activities in Bankside (where the Tate Modern and the reconstructed Globe theatre now resides), but there were also a few bones (a radius, tibia and calcaneus) from a deposit dated AD1050-1150 from a city site, Plantation House (FER97) and another from a general Roman deposit from Courage's Brewery, on the Thames in Southwark.
All the best
Animal Bone Specialist
Museum of London Specialist Services
Mortimer Wheeler House
46 Eagle Wharf Road
London. N1 7ED
Tel: 020 7566 9330
Fax: 020 7490 3995
Email: [log in to unmask]
Out now: MoLAS 2004: annual review is published on the internet
From: Sue Stallibrass [mailto:[log in to unmask]]
Sent: 04 March 2005 11:19
To: [log in to unmask]
Subject: Re: [ZOOARCH] British brown bears
Another discussion of brown bears (Roman) in:
Stallibrass, S. 2002. An overview of the animal bones: what would we like
to know, what do we know so far, and where do we go from here?
in P.R.Wilson. Cataractonium: Roman Catterick and its hinterland.
Excavations and research 1958-1997. Part II. pp 392 - 415
London: English Heritage. CBA Research Report 129.
See page 400 for a discussion of the various brown bear finds and the
associated references to Binchester (Co Durham) and Richmond (Yorkshire),
Sheepen & Colchester & the GUildhall, London, plus Toynbee's paper on the
carving of jet bears in Yorkshire.
--On 04 March 2005 10:03 +0000 Umberto Albarella
<[log in to unmask]> wrote:
> Dear Andy,
> Here are some additional British bear records:
> Harman M. 1993. The mammalian bones. 24-5 and fiche A7. In:Simpson W G.
> The excavation of a Late Neolithic settlement at Barholm, Lincs. In:
> Simpson W G et al. The Fenland Project, Number 7: excavations in
> Peterborough anf the Lower Welland Valley 1960-9.East Anglian Archaeol.
> 61. 7-28.
> Legge A, Williams J and Williams P. 1989. Animal remains from Blackhorse
> Road, Letchworth. 90-5. In:Moss-Eccardt J. Archaeological investigations
> in the Letchworth area, 1958-1974. Proc. Cambridge Antiq. Soc. 77. 35-103.
> Lister A M and Brandon A. 1991. A pre-Ipswichian cold stage mammalian
> fauna from the Balderton sand and gravel, Lincolnshire, England.J.
> Quaternary Sci. 6(2). 139-57.
> Luff R. 1985. The fauna. 143-50 and Fiche 4:A2-E7. In:Niblett R. Sheepen:
> an early Roman industrial site at Camulodunum.CBA Research Report 57.
> Powers R. 1967. Report on the bear phalanges. 42. In:Stead I M. A la Tene
> III burial at Welwyn Garden City.
> Luff R. 1993. Animal bones from excavations in Colchester,
> 1971-85.Colchester Archaeological Report 12. Colchester: Colchester
> Archaeological Trust.
> Umberto Albarella
> Department of Archaeology
> University of Sheffield
> Northgate House
> West Street
> Sheffield S1 4ET
> United Kingdom
> Telephone: (+) 44 (0) 114 22 22 943
> Fax: (+) 44 (0) 114 27 22 563
> "No co-operation in military matters should be an
> essential moral principle for all true scientists"
> Albert Einstein
Dr. Sue Stallibrass
English Heritage Archaeological Science Adviser for North-West England
Department of Archaeology
University of Liverpool
LIVERPOOL L69 3GS
direct telephone: +44 (0)151 794 5046
departmental FAX: +44 (0)151 794
e-mail: [log in to unmask]