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Subject:

Re: Ankylosing Spondylitis

From:

Marsha Levine <[log in to unmask]>

Reply-To:

Marsha Levine <[log in to unmask]>

Date:

Wed, 17 Aug 2005 17:08:30 +0100

Content-Type:

text/plain

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Theo de Jong studied a number of Medieval horse skeletons from Eindhoven 
with this sort of condition. The fusion of the vertebrae was very 
extensive. I don't know where/if he has published this material.

Regards,
Marsha Levine

On Aug 17 2005, Erik Filean wrote:

> 
> 
>In a message dated 8/17/2005 7:30:53 A.M. Central Daylight Time,  
>[log in to unmask] writes:
>
> As part of a course on human palaeopathology I ran into a condition 
> called Ankylosing Spondylitis. I believe this has been referred to from 
> time to time in animal palaeopathology as well, however the aetiology of 
> the condition in humans was believed to be associated with the tissue 
> HLA-B27. There was some debate about whether such a tissue is also found 
> in animals and thus, should we be using this terminology for conditions 
> in animals? The term is often equated with 'bamboo spine', a description 
> also used to describe the ankylosis of the vertebrae in humans, but is it 
> truly the same condition or not? Does anyone have any ideas?
>
>
>
> This is a tough question to answer, because it appears that there is no 
> consensus as to the cause of the condition in some animals. A few months 
> ago, I had posted here about a case of ankylosing spondylitis in L5-L6 of 
> a 10-year-old male horse from Roman Nijmegen; the responses were 
> informative, but not conclusive. In horses, it appears that many regard 
> ankylosing spondylitis as a pathology, albeit one that may appear more 
> frequently and in more advanced states in riding animals or riding 
> breeds. Melanie Wilson did point out, though, that the condition may 
> serve to reinforce the rear of the spine and has been considered 
> desirable in certain breeds of Spanish military horse and their modern 
> descendants.
> 
> I've more recently seen another case of ankylosing spondylitis of L5-L6 
> in a modern male horse donated to our comparative collection (University 
> of Iowa). I don't know the breed, but the veterinarian who provided it 
> works with many show horses, so it was very possibly another riding 
> animal. The animal was comparatively young, though; the mandibular 
> canines were erupting at the time of death.
> 
>In case they're of any use, here are some archaeological and veterinary  
>references for horses:
> 
> 
> BARTOSIEWICZ, LASZLO, AND BARTOSIEWICZ, GABOR. 2002. "Bamboo spine" in a 
> migration period horse from Hungary. Journal of Archaeological Science 
> 29: 819-30. JEFFCOT, L. B. 1978. Disorders of the equine thoracolumbar 
> spine - a review. Journal of Equine Medicine and Surgery 2: 9-19. 
> JEFFCOT, L. B. 1979. Back problems in the horse - a look at past, present 
> and future progress. Equine Veterinary Journal 3: 129-36. JEFFCOT, L. B. 
> 1980. Disorders of the thoracolumbar spine of the horse - a survey of 443 
> cases. Equine Veterinary Journal 12: 197-210. JEFFCOT, L. B., AND DALIN, 
> G. 1980. Natural rigidity of the horse's backbone. Equine Veterinary 
> Journal 12: 101-8. STECHER, R. M. 1961. Ankylosing lesions of the spine 
> of the horse. Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association 138: 
> 248-55. TOWNSEND, H. G. G., AND LEACH, D. H. 1982. Relationship between 
> intervertebral joint morphology and mobility in the equine thoracolumbar 
> spine. Equine Veterinary Journal 16: 461-65. Best, Erik
> 
> 
>"...and those that would not bond with us, we ate."
>- Harry,  Third Rock from the Sun -
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>

-- 
Dr. Marsha Levine, McDonald Institute for Archaeological Research
University of Cambridge, Downing Street, Cambridge CB2 3ER, England
phone: +44 (0)1223-339347 / fax: +44 (0)1223-339285
http://www.arch.cam.ac.uk/~ml12/

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