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Subject:

Philosophy and Design Compilation, Part VII -- Copied from PhD-Design

From:

Ken Friedman <[log in to unmask]>

Reply-To:

Ken Friedman <[log in to unmask]>

Date:

Sun, 25 Apr 2004 18:54:07 +0200

Content-Type:

text/plain

Parts/Attachments:

Parts/Attachments

text/plain (649 lines)

(20)

>From Erik Stolterman

<[log in to unmask]>

Dear Cindy

I should have answered your request earlier, but 
here it is. I did read Ken’s response
and he mentions most of the people I also would like to mention.

I think Donald Schon is a major person in this 
field. He was himself a philosopher
with his focus on Dewey. His work is more philsophical than anything alse that
people like to label him with.

Albert Borgmann is to me a central author. A 
philosopher who’s writing is central for
design.

Strangely enough I also find Herbert Marcuse and his famous book “The One
Dimentional Man” in this time and age a book about design.

And I also think my and Harolds book “The Design Way” is a true book on the
philosophy of design.

I am sorry I don’t have the full references ringt 
now, since I am not at work. I can send
them to you later.

Best wishes

Erik Stolterman

Professor Erik Stolterman, Ph.D., Chair of Department
Department of Informatics
Umea University
Sweden

Email: [log in to unmask]

Webpage: www.informatik.umu.se/~erik

New book “The Design Way”, information at

http://BooksToRead.com/etp/nelsonad.pdf


(21)

>From Tiiu Poldma

[log in to unmask]

HI Cindy,

Thanks for this last reminder...as promised I have a few more titles for you:

Please see Word document attached.

If you are interested in specific discussion, I 
can excerpt aspects of my own thesis,
which in essence integrates philosophy and design and creates some
considerations for the two as integral parts of 
the discussion on philosophy and
design, as it relates in my case to interior design and education.

Regards and I hope that this is useful...

Tiiu Poldma

PS Obviously some of these titles are for your 
reference only...so I would not just
copy them all to the list.

References on Philosophy and Design
Taken from:


AN INVESTIGATION OF LEARNING AND TEACHING PROCESSES IN AN
INTERIOR DESIGN
CLASS: AN INTERPRETIVE AND CONTEXTUAL INQUIRY
By
© Tiiu Vaikla-Poldma
Department of Integrated Studies in Education, McGill University
Montreal, Canada


A Thesis submitted to the
Faculty of Graduate Studies and Research
In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the
Degree of Doctor of Philosophy in Education
March 2003

REFERENCES**

INCLUDES

Philosophy and design, other philosophies where design issues are discussed,
specific references on interior design philosophy 
(my own dissertation questions
some of these definitions in these texts as 
severely limited), philosophy texts where
discussions resonate with issues grappled with in 
my own design experiences, but
no specific to interior design. For example, industrial design, architecture)

** These are not in order as they are excerpts 
from different chapters in the PhD.
They also cover many topics aligned or parallel 
to philosophy and design, and may
not specifically treat philosophy and design per 
se. Topics in the PhD that were
covered included design philosophies, fundamental values and ways of thinking,
philosophical discussions about knowledge, 
philosophies about space and interior
space located in architecture and other 
disciplines such as sociology or geography,
philosophies of education and teaching, and so on.

Molnar, J. M., and Vodvarka, F. (1992). The Interior Dimension: A Theoretical
Approach To Enclosed Space. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold.

Pye, D. (1978). The Nature and Aesthetics of 
Design. Bethel, CT.: Cambium Press.

  Rengel, R. (2003). Shaping Interior Space. New York; Fairchild Publications..

Abercrombie, S.(1990). A Philosophy of Interior 
Design. New York: Harper and Row,
Publishers.

Ainley, R., (Ed.) (1998). new frontiers of Space, Bodies and Gender. London:
Routledge.

Ardener, S. (Ed.) (1981). Women and space: Ground rules and social maps. New
York: St.Martin’s Press.

Bachelard, G. (1964). The Poetics of Space: The 
classic look at how we experience
intimate places. Boston: Beacon Press.

Bachelard, G. (1958). La poétique de l’espace. 
Paris : Presses universitaires de
France.

Baecker, D. (Ed.) (1999). Problems of form. 
Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.

Badiou, A. (1992). Manifesto for Philosophy. 
Albany; State University of New York
Press.

Buchanan, R. and Margolin, V. (Eds.) (1995). 
Discovering Design; Explorations in
Design Studies. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Code, L. (1991). What can she know? Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.

Colomina, B. (Ed.) (1992). Sexuality and space. Princeton, NJ: Princeton
Architectural Press.

Cooper, D. (Ed.) (1992). A companion to aesthetics. Cambridge, UK: Blackwell
Publishers Ltd.

Dewey, J. (1916). The democratic conception in education in democracy and
education. New York: The Free Press. (pp. 81-99)

Reed, R.F & Johnson, T.W. ( Eds.) (2000). Philosophical Documents in Education.
New York: Longman.

Eisner, E. (1991). The enlightened eye. New York: Macmillan Publishing Co.

Franz, J. (2000). An Interpretive- Contextual 
framework for research in and through
design: The development of a philosophically methodological and substantially
consistent framework. In Durling, D., & Friedman, 
K., Eds. Foundations for the Future:
Doctoral Education in Design; Proceedings of the 
Conference held 8-12 July in La
Clusaz, France. UK: Staffordshire University Press.

Field Belenky, M., McVicker Clinchy, B., Rule 
Goldberger, N., & Mattuck Tarule, J.
(1997).

Women’s ways of knowing: The development of self, voice and mind. New York:
Basic Books.

Fischer. G.N.(1989). Psychologie des espaces de travail. Paris: Armand-Colin..

Frondizi, R. (1963). What is value? An 
introduction to axiology. Lasalle, Illinois: Open
Court.

Gardner, H. (1982). Art, mind, and brain: A 
cognitive approach to creativity.. New
York: Basic Books, Inc.

Giroux, H., Lankshear, C. McLaren, P., Peters, M. 
(1996). counternarratives; Cultural
Studies and critical pedagogies in postmodern spaces. New York: Routledge.

Grosz, E. (1995). space, time and perversion; essays on the politics of bodies.
London: Routledge.

Hernandez, A. (1997). Pedagogy, Democracy and Feminism; Rethinking the Public

Sphere. Albany, New York: State University of New York Press.

James, W. (1906; 2000). What pragmatism means. In Reed, R. F. & Johnson, T.W..
Philosophical Documents in Education, Second Edition. New York: Addison-Wesley
Longman, Inc.

Kaukas, L. (2000). Learning from Others; What Recent Postmodern Theory has to
Offer Interior design. Paper submitted to the 
International Design Education Council
Annual Conference; Chicago.

Margolin, V., & Buchanan R. (Eds.) (2000). The Idea of Design; A design issues
reader. Cambridge, Massachusetts: MIT Press.

  Papanek, V. (1984). Design for the real world; 
human ecology and social change.
Chicago: Academy Chicago Publishers.

Pallasmaa, J. (1990). The Eyes of the Skin; Architecture of the Senses. London:
Academy Editions.

Peperzak, A. (1986). Values: 
Subjective-Objective. The Journal of Value 
Inquiry,
Vol.20, 71-80.

Perez-Gomez, A. (1999). Hermeneutics as Discourse in Design. In Design Issues:
History, Theory, Criticism. Vol.15 (2), pp. 71-79.

Rothschild, J. (Ed.)(1999). Design and Feminism: 
re-visioning Spaces, Places and
Everyday Things. Piscataway, N.J.: Rutgers University Press.

Shusterman, R. (1997). Practicing Philosophy; Pragmatism and the Philosophical
life. New York: Routledge.

Spain, D. (1992). Gendered spaces. Chapel Hill, 
North Carolina: The University of
North Carolina Press.

Stanton, M. (2001). Disciplining Knowledge: 
Architecture between Cube and Frame.
In Piotrowski, A. & Williams Robinson, J. (Eds.) 
The Discipline of Architecture.
Minneapolis, MN: University of Minnesota Press.

Thomas Mitchell, C. (1993). Redefining Designing: From Form to Experience. New
York: Van Nostrand Reinhold.

Vaikla-Poldma, T. (1999). Gender, Design and Education: The Politics of Voice.
Montreal, Quebec; McGill University, Author.

White, B. (1998). Aesthetigrams: Mapping aesthetic experiences. Studies in Art
Education, 39, (4) 321- 335.

Wilber, K. (1999) The Collected Works of Ken 
Wilber: A Sociable God, Eye to Eye.
Boston: Shambala Publications Inc.


(22)

>From Harold Nelson

<[log in to unmask]>


Dear Cindy

Here are a few I found interesting:

Banathy, BH. (1996). Designing Social Systems in a Changing World. London, New
York: Plenum.

Churchman, CW. (1961). Prediction and Optimal 
Decision: Philosophical Issues of a
Science of Values. Prentice-Hall: Englewood Cliffs, NJ.

Churchman, CW. (1971). The Design of Inquiring Systems; Basic Concepts of
Systems and Organization. Basic Books, Inc.: New York, NY.

Coyne R. 1995. Designing Information Technology in the Postmodern Age; From
Method to Metaphor. MIT Press: Cambridge, MA

Dewey, J. (1910) How We Think. Boston, MA, D. C. Heath & Co.

Dunne, J. (1993). Back to the Rough Ground; ‘Phronesis’ and ‘Techne’ in Modern
Philosophy and in Aristotle. Notre Dame, IN, University of Notre Dame Press.

Jantsch, E. (1975). Design for Evolution; 
Self-Organization and Planning in the Life
of Human Systems. New York, NY, George Braziller, Inc.

Kant, I. (1790). Critique of judgment. 
Translation by W. Pluhar, published 1987.
Indianapolis: Hackett Publishing Company.

May, R. (1975). The Courage to Create. New York, NY. W. W. Norton & Co., Inc..

Makkreel, RA. (1990). Immagination and 
Interpretation in Kant; the Hermeneutical
Import of the Critique of Judgment. Chicago, IL, 
The University ofChicago Press.

Nelson, HG and Stolterman E (2003). The Design Way; Intentional Change in an
Unpredictable World, Foundations and Fundamentals of Design Competence.
Educational Technology Publications, Inc.: Englewood Cliffs, NJ.

Nozick, R. (1989). The Examined Life – Philosophical Meditations. Touchstone
Book, New York.

Nussbaum, M. C. (1990). Love’s Knowledge: Essays on Philosophy and Literature.
New York, NY. Oxford University Press.

Searle, JR. (1983). Intentionality: An Essay in 
the Philosophy of Mind. New York, NY.
Cambridge University Press

Singer EA Jr., In Search of a Way of Life, NY: Columbia University Press, 1948

Harold G. Nelson, Ph.D., M. Arch.
President; Advanced Design Institute
www.advanceddesign.org
Past-President; International Society for Systems Science
www.isss.org


(23)

>From Tim Martin

<[log in to unmask]>

Apologies for last minute post. I only just saw 
your last call yesterday. I have an
unpublished MA Thesis entitled ‘The social nature of technological change’ from
1986 RCA London from which some of the following references come. I will try to
extend this in the form of an endnote list if it 
would be useful to you. I have a project
to complete an annotated anthology on ‘Design in Theory’ (but don’t hold your
breath waiting :-).

ARISTOTLE [1946.10] (ie page 10) (orig c. 322 BC) 
The Politics of Aristotle trans
Ernest Barker Oxford Section: ‘The Association of 
the Household ...’ ‘Slavery’ ‘§3
There is only one condition ...’

HEGEL’s ‘Lectures of 1803-4’ cited in LUKACS [1975.330] The Young Hegel §
‘invention of tools’

MARX [1959.104] Theories of Surplus Value § ‘on universal and co-operative
labour’
See also passim Capital Vol 1 [1954] but esp. 
Chapter 1 and extended footnote on
‘A critical history of technology ...’ beginning 
the chapter on Machinery and large
scale production.

Also GRUNDRISSE Penguin ed [1973.702 et seq] section head: ‘Fixed capital ....
Machinery and living labour. (Business of Inventing)’

Some other key references raising philosophical issues would include:

BERG Maxine [1980] The Machinery Question and the making of political economy
1815-1848
ALEXANDER Chris [] The Timeless Way of Building & The Pattern Language
COOPER Alan [1999] The Inmates are Running the Asylum
HEGEL G.W.F.[1977] in The Phenomenology of 
Spirit, trans Miller , § The artificer
(p421-424)
LITTLER Craig in WOOD [1982] The Degradation of Work? § ‘Deskilling and the
changing structures of control’ (very important especially when read alongside
SPARKE P. and POLLARD S.)
SPARKE Penny [1983] Consultant Design
PAPANEK V.[1971] (2nd ed1984) Design for the real world
PACKARD Vance [1960] The Waste Makers
PACKARD Vance [?] The Persuaders
POLLARD Sidney [1965] The Genesis of Modern Management
PACEY Arnold [] The Maze of Ingenuity
RHEINGOLD [2004] Smartmobs

ARCHER Bruce (my professor) essays on ‘the designerly mode of enquiry’ still
seminal in DRS
Design:Science:Method ed BROADBENT

There is much modern material in wider fields with interesting common threads,
evolutionary biology, object technology, reputation networks, mind tools, smart
mobs, collaboration technology, interdisciplinary design teams, net generation
futurology, esp scenario building. – explicitly 
for design processes: current research
is required in the bridges being built between 
software design using patterns, object
technology and UML style modelling and testing and what this may offer back to
traditional design disciplines see extreme 
programming methods (XP) BECK et al . It
may be possible to write a new chapter in the design methods saga soon, CAD is
not the end of computation’s impact on creative design processes and designers
should draw philosophically from the motivations of those like: BUSH Vannevar,
ENGLEBART Doug, KAY Alan, GOLDBERG Adele, BECK, Kent. See RHEINGOLD,
Howard Mindtools, Virtual Reality, Virtual Community, ... An unbiased deep
examination of materials concerning Marx’s method of enquiry provides rich
materials for any design philosophy - see ILYENKOV, ZELENY, RUBIN,
ROSDOLSKY central to Marx’s intellectual project 
was the understanding of change
and he theoretically resolved the interplay of 
technical and economic aspects of the
processes in a way as yet unmatched. For 
designers intellectually interested in their
social role Capital is still a largely undiscovered gold mine.

ROSENBERG Nathan [] essay ‘Marx as a student of technology’ only began to
scratch the surface of the wealth of material. See also HEERTJE Arnold [] The
economics of technical change.

Your question sparked me to return to some ideas 
which are deep old friends but as
yet unpublished. My interest in these issues 
arose out of my undergraduate pursuit
of Industrial Design in the 1970’s and 
postgraduate Design Research in the 1980’s
and my political activity and publishing during 
the same period. Big questions raised
for me by my father’s work as an ICBM designer during the cold war. Also
contemporary issues about the social impact of 
technology and politics and social
processes of innovation. Questions also arising out of the theoretical and
philosophical adequacy of ideas critical of 
technological change amongst the left
and ecologists.

Thank you & best wishes


Tim
Design&Research

Design, Education, Training & Mac Support
<www.designresearch.plus.com>


Tim Martin <[log in to unmask]>
0207 582 3194 (fax:0870 706 0442)

94a Hackford Road
London SW9 0RD UK

(24)

Tim Martin

<[log in to unmask]>

The need for a comprehensive ‘Design in Theory’ has been commented upon by a
number of teachers of design.
Attempts to address this need have been made by:

GORMAN Carma [2003] The Industrial Design Reader, Allworth Press/DMI NY

GREENHALGH Paul [1993] Quotations and Sources on Design and the Decorative
Arts, Manchester UP

JULIER Guy [2000] The Culture of Design, Sage, is useful as is

WHITELEY Nigel [1993] Design for Society Reaktion Books

POTTER Norman [1989 3rd ed] What is a Designer: things.places.messages
Hyphen Press

But we still have nothing to compare with

HARRISON [2000,1998,1992] Art in Theory An Anthology of Changing Ideas 1648-
1815, 1815-1900, 1900-1990 (&updated to 2000) Blackwell 3 vols

Correction:

MARX [1959.104] Capital Vol 3 Progress Publishers 
(not Theories of Surplus Value)
§ ‘on universal and co-operative labour’

See also passim Capital Vol 1 [1954] but esp. 
Chapter 1 and extended footnote on
‘A critical history of technology ...’ beginning 
the chapter on Machinery and large
scale production.

Some other key references raising philosophical issues would include:

BERG Maxine Her anthology Technology and Toil is also useful

As is the classic rendition of the problematic in class society

RICARDO David [1821] The principles of Political Economy and Taxation (Everyman
ed 1911) Chapter 31 ‘on machinery’

SIMON Herbert A. [1996] 3rd ed The Sciences of the Artificial,MIT chapter 5 The
Science of Design: Creating the Artificial

ALEXANDER Chris [] The Timeless Way of Building & The Pattern Language [1977]
Oxford NY

NOBLE D.F.[] America by Design

RHEINGOLD Howard [2002] Smart Mobs, Basic Books

ARCHER Bruce (my professor) on ‘the designerly 
mode of enquiry’ still seminal in ‘A
view of the nature of design research’ in Design:Science:Method ed JACQUES and
POWELL [1981] (not Broadbent who was organiser/contributor) Westbury House
Also more recently in Co-Design [1995.6-9] 2nd vol (research edition) ARCHER
Bruce ‘the nature of research’

There is much modern material in wider fields with interesting common threads,
evolutionary biology, object technology, reputation networks, mind tools, smart
mobs, collaboration technology, interdisciplinary design teams, net generation
futurology, esp scenario building. – explicitly 
for design processes: current research
is required in the bridges being built between 
software design using patterns, object
technology and UML style modelling and testing and what this may offer back to
traditional design disciplines see extreme 
programming methods (XP) BECK et al .

COCKBURN Alistair [2001] Writing Effective Use Cases, Addison Wesley

See TAYLOR David A. [1995] Business Engineering with Object Technology, Wiley

GABRIEL Richard P.[2002] Writers’ Workshops & the Work of Making Things :
Patterns, poetry ... Addison Wesley

Also clues for situating design thinking in the 
mainstream of psychological thinking
may be found in writings by VYGOTSKY L.S.[1978] 
for example his Mind in Society:
The Development of Higher Psychological Processes, Harvard

It may be possible to write a new chapter in the design methods saga soon

JONES J.C.[] Design Methods: Seeds of Human Futures (still seminal)

CAD is not the end of computation’s impact on creative design processes and
designers should draw philosophically from the motivations of those like: BUSH
Vannevar, ENGLEBART Doug, KAY Alan, GOLDBERG Adele, BECK, Kent. See

RHEINGOLD, Howard Tools for Thought ,MIT and his Virtual Reality, Virtual
Community [1994], ...

ILYENKOV E.V. [1982] The Dialectics of the Abstract and the concrete in Marx’s
Capital, Progress Moscow

ZELENY Jindrich [1980] The Logic of Marx

RUBIN Isaak Illich [1972] Essays on Marx’s Theory of Value, Black & Red Detroit

MARX Karl [1978] The Value Form, trans ROTH & SUCHTING, in Capital & Class vol
4 Spring 1978 (pp130-150)
ROSDOLSKY Roman [1977] The making of Marx’s ‘Capital’, Pluto

MATTICK Paul [1978] Economics and Politics in the 
age of Inflation, Merlin includes
chapter on ‘technology and the mixed economy’

For contextual economic importance of design/technological change,

MATTICK Paul [1981] Economic crisis and crisis theory, Merlin

GROSSMAN Henryk [1929] The Law of Accumulation and the breakdown of
Capitalist System: Being also a theory of Crises, trans Banaji [1992] Pluto

In Marx’s intellectual project:

For the earliest indications in MARX see [1977] 5th rev ed Economic and
Philosophic Manuscripts of 1844 (Paris MS) 
Progress ed see page 104 ‘... history of
industry ... The open book of man’s essential 
powers, the perceptible existing human
psychology.’ Et seq. And 136 et seq. Also check out the appendix: Engels on the
‘costs of invention’ (p172) in his 1843 ‘Outlines 
of a critique of Political Economy’ the
essay that got Marx going on economics!

ROSENBERG Nathan [1982]’Marx as a student of technology’ in Inside the Black
Box: Technology and Economics, Cambridge UP

Hope this isn’t too off topic: I could explain 
the relevance of all these but today is only
today.

Tim

Design&Research

Design, Education, Training & Mac Support
<www.designresearch.plus.com>


Tim Martin <[log in to unmask]>
0207 582 3194 (fax:0870 706 0442)

94a Hackford Road
London SW9 0RD UK


--

(25)

>From Lars Albinsson

<[log in to unmask]>


Dear Cindy,

I’ve seen Ken’s replay to your question and would just like to add:

C West Churchman who to a large extent was (he 
died 3 weeks ago) the “father” of
systemic thinking, wote on theses issues in, amongst others, “The Systems
Approach”, “The Design of Inquing Systems” and “The Systems Approach and its
Enemies”. In the last there is a disccusion on 
the relationship between systemic
thinking, science and Aesthetics. The Systems approach books may be the best
entry to his work from your perspective.

At the CEPHAD last week I presented a paper on 
the relationship between rational
science and aethetics. If you wish I can mail you 
that paper. (But I do realise you may
not want to be overloaded with papers from doctoral students...)

Best Regards,

Lars

Lars Albinsson
Calistoga Springs Research Institute
University College of Borås
[log in to unmask]
+46 (0) 70 592 70 45

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