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MEDIEVAL-RELIGION  June 2002

MEDIEVAL-RELIGION June 2002

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Subject:

Re: saints of the day 9. June : Columcille

From:

Pecia <[log in to unmask]>

Reply-To:

Scholarly discussions of medieval religion and culture <[log in to unmask]>

Date:

Sun, 9 Jun 2002 08:50:09 +0200

Content-Type:

text/plain

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medieval-religion: Scholarly discussions of medieval religion and culture

Les témoignages du  culte liturgique de Columcille en Bretagne armoricaine
remontent au moins au Xème siècle. Les litanies du Psautier dit de Reims,
connues et publiées par Dom Mabillon (Vetera Analecta, 1723, p. 168)
l'inscrivent entre saint Germain et saint Pol de Léon. De même celles du
Psautier breton (ms 180, Cathédrale de Salisbury) entre Patrick et Augustin.
La vie de sainte Ninnoc (honorée spécialement par l'abbaye Sainte-Croix de
Quimperlé) rédigée au XIème siècle d'après un manuscrit "libello veteri" dit
que cette sainte fut baptisée par le bienheureux abbé Columcille.
Pour ce qui est du culte toponymique on peut signaler la paroisse de
PLOUGOULM (près de Saint-Pol-de Léon) dont les graphies anciennes posent
pourtant question. En effet, en 1467, on trouve Plebs Columbani; en 1330,
Ploe Colm. La vita sancti Goeznovei (1019) donne Plebis Colomba. Il semble
bien que le culte de Columcille ait été supplanté par celui de Colomban
(plus populaire sur le continent...). On peut rapprocher également du culte
de Columcille celui d'un autre saint irlandais avec lequel il fut en
relation, honoré dans une petite paroisse de Cornouaille. Il s'agit de
l'abbé Fintan de Taghmon (+ 635), connu sous le nom de Munna (forme
hypocoristique), éponyme de Logonna (ancien "Loc Monna", avec préfixe Loc-
"lieu consacré à", canton de Daoulas), et dont le nom se retrouve dans les
anciennes litanies du Xème siècle déjà citées.

jean louis raphalen
http://perso.wanadoo.fr/pecia/
[log in to unmask]



----- Original Message -----
From: "Phyllis Jestice" <[log in to unmask]>
To: <[log in to unmask]>
Sent: Sunday, June 09, 2002 3:29 AM
Subject: [M-R] saints of the day 9. June


> medieval-religion: Scholarly discussions of medieval religion and culture
>
> Today (9. June) is the feast day of:
>
> Pelagia of Antioch (d. c. 283 or perhaps c. 300)  Pelagia was a Christian
> girl of Antioch, caught up in the persecution of either Numerian or
> Diocletian.  She was fifteen years old when the prefect sent soldiers to
> arrest her; she asked for time to put on better clothing, went to the
upper
> floor of her parents' house, and jumped.
>
> Primus and Felicianus (d. c. 305)  Tradition reports that P and F were
> killed in Diocletian's persecution, having attracted attention by caring
> for imprisoned Christians..  They were originally buried at the fifteenth
> milestone from Rome on the Via Nomentana, and already in the fourth
century
> a basilica existed there in their honor.  Since at least the seventh
> century their relics have been in S. Stefano Rotondo in Rome.
>
> Ephraim the Syrian (d. 373)  This is his feast day in the western Church;
> in the East it is celebrated on 28. January.  Ephraim was one of the
> greatest poets of the Syrian Church.  He was born in c. 306 in Nisibis
> (Turkey) and became head of a religious community and a noted theologian.
> After the Persian invasion of 363 Ephraim moved from Nisibis to Edessa and
> continued his work.  He was famous for his Bible commentaries and hymns.
> During a famin in 370 Ephraim also organizedthe care of those affected.
In
> 1920 Ephraim was named a doctor of the Church.
>
> Columcille (Columba) of Iona) (d. 597)  There are at least 32 Irish saints
> named Columcille, which means "dove of the Church."  The most important is
> Columcille of Iona (c. 521-97), the patron saint of Scottish Christianity.
> Along with Patrick and Brigid, Columcille is regarded as one of the three
> greatest saints of Ireland.  He left Ireland in 563, going with followers
> to the island of Iona, which became the mother house for a series of
> further monasteries in Scotland and northern England, and for extensive
> missionary work.
>
> Richard of Andria (d. c. 1100 or 1118/1119)  Richard was an Englishman who
> in c. 1090 became bishop of Andria (southern Italy); according to various
> traditions he was the first holder of this office.  His cult was approved
> in 1438.  Sometimes his time in office has falsely been given as the fifth
> century.
>
> Dr. Phyllis G. Jestice
> [log in to unmask]
>
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