Dear list mates
I have been interested in these difference or similarity.
In Japan, there are official registration system.
The Ministry of Welfare and Labor decides on some disabilities.
Therefore,if the disability can be registered officially, it is "disability".
For examples,persons with diabetes will not be regarded as
a the disabled, however,if they undergo artificial dialysis,they
will have official registration identification.
But, this is not about personal or social identities.
Holding official registration identification does not always mean
that he/she keep identity as "disabled".
Moreover, the dichotomy thinking about chronic illness and disability
seem insufficient,because there will be some marginal "disabilities" which
can not be divided into either.
A friend of mine have a support group for persons with birthmark or injury in
the faces.I can not see his/her impairment as disability nor chronic illness.
We can not make a complete final answer to this question.
It is important to for all of us to see who determine by what standard.
Even if whoever determine, the boundary is always ambiguous, which
make some persons who suffer from "identity crisis". But,strict
boundery may be oppressive,so,moderate ambiguity will be beneficial.
Graduateschool of education Kyoto University
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