MEDIEVAL STREET NAMES: PROCESSION STREET
Having looked at many medieval Scottish street names (as well as quite a few non-Scottish medieval street names) it appears to me that street names associated with religious and secular processions are not at all uncommon.
Indeed, a quick squint at the medieval records of any Scottish town will immediately show that processions were, prior to the Reformation, extremely common events in towns - numerous saints' feast days, dedicatory days, celebratory events (royal marriages, births etc), victory celebrations etc were all commonly marked by processions. Actually, many of the acts of medieval life where legitimized through public spectacle - the giving of sasine, the declaration of banns, riding the marches etc... all done publicly... basically, processions were very common.
Taking, for example, the extremely complete municipal records of Aberdeen (which appear intermittenly from 1317, and continously from the 1440s), it can be seen that disputes between the various incoporated trades, the church and the burgh magistates regarding who occupied which place in any given procession are extremely common. Indeed, they are encountered almost every year up until the Reformation when the regular town processions promptly stop. This same pattern can be seen in the records of every medieval Scottish town I have examined, and I'm sure the pattern would repeat itself throughout the towns of western Europe.
In Aberdeen there was formerly a street (recorded from at least the 13th century) which was known as the Ghaistraw... basically the Ghost Row. This is almost certainly a vernacular Scots version of the common continental style: Rue d'Esprit - Spirit Street or Street of the Spirits, many examples of which are documented as having earned their names owing to their associations with religious processions - during which bits of saint, relics and spirirt images etc were paraded through the streets... hence, streets down which the spirits walked.
Similar examples of medieval street names which take their names from their association with parades are quite common. Some are relatively easy to interpret whilst others, like the example above, are a tiny bit more complex. However, you seem to have found the clearest cut example of them all: Procession Street!
How does it appear in medieval documents? vicus pompa? vicus agmen? I think the key to understanding the origin of the street's name will be to examine the various forms the name is given over the centuries in documents. Of course, there are many differnt Latin words for procession, all indicating processions of a different kind - religious, military etc.
You asked whether or not Procession Street would have been the main High Street in a town or a peripheral street during medieval times. In Scotland, the main street is always clearly named and identified and is almost always described as the Kings Highway (vicus Regis &c.or similar variation) althougn later, High Street does become more common. Some times you also see market street or refernces to a forum etc in the name of the principal street.
I don't think you could necessarily begin to say much about a street's location within a medieval town plan simply based on the fact that the street was called Procession Street. Clearly, it was intimately connected with processions, but procession-related street names appear in many different parts of towns - from peripheral regions to central locations. Particular circumstances, usually peculiar to each town, are probably more likely to account for any given procession-related name. Routes to and from churches are the most common, or towards town focal points (eg markets squares, the forum, town government centres -tolleneum/domus consili- to and from castles or ecclesiatical foundations and churches/market squares etc). As (in Scotland) the locations of many burgh churches were actually peripheral to the medieval town, it is not uncommon to get a procession-related street name on the periphery of a town, whereas in France, the examples I have seen all appear to be in the centre of medieval towns. I would think that you would have to study the subject in some detail before you could ellucidate any patterns though.
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