All I can attest to with certainty is today's
practices. At some abbeys, the abbot wears his mitre
whenever he functions as abbot - saying Mass on high
feast days, special Vespers. He does not wear his
mitre when he celebrates Mass on his own name day. At
ordinations to the diaconate or presbyterate, he also
does not wear his mitre, but as the presider at
monastic profession, he does.
--- Herwig Weigl <[log in to unmask]> wrote:
> > posts by Marjorie, Damien, and John to the
> contrary withstanding, force
> > me to yield the field: o.k. abbots *could* wear
> mitres, and some still
> > do.
> > from the examples cited, however, it appears to me
> that these were quite
> > special cases --where either the abbot needed to
> act (at least in some
> > capcity) as a bishop, or needed to be free of
> local episcopal authority-- and
> > not at all common. n'est pas?
> Common enough in the later middle ages to include
> the appropriate text for the
> privilege in the papal formularies at least in the
> 14th century Many abbots asked
> for the right and got it, usually with the
> restriction not to wear the
> pontificalia (and/or to say the benedictions allowed
> to them) in the presence of
> an papal legate and/or the diocesan bishop. It
> became a honorary right with little
> practical consequences.
> cf. Philipp Hofmeister, Mitra und Stab der
> wirklichen Praelaten ohne
> bischoeflichen Charakter (Kirchenrechtliche
> Abhandlungen 104, Stuttgart 1928) (old
> but still useful)
> for the mitre:
> Bernhard Sirch, Der Ursprung der bischoeflichen
> Mitra und der paepstlichen Tiara
> (Kirchengesch. Quellen und Studien 8, St. Ottilien
> I suppose that Gerhard Ladner has published
> something on the topic in English (no
> reference at hand).
> yours, h.w.
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