posts by Marjorie, Damien, and John to the contrary withstanding, force
me to yield the field: o.k. abbots *could* wear mitres, and some still
from the examples cited, however, it appears to me that these were quite
special cases --where either the abbot needed to act (at least in some
capcity) as a bishop, or needed to be free of local episcopal authority-- and
not at all common. n'est pas?
in any event, our curious St. Benny, in or out of water as he might be, was
not so decked out --http://www.bnf.fr/enluminures/images/jpeg/i8_0054.jpg
(which brings up the question of how we got off on this interesting tangent).
damien boquet wrote
>Mitra désigne donc à l'origine une coiffure en forme de bandeau (headband).
Or, à l'origine la mitre épiscopale était souple, elle tenait donc grâce à un
bandeau qui donne son nom à la coiffure: mitra. Ce n'est qu'au début du
XIIIème siècle que la mitre prend sa forme actuelle,
rigide: mitre bicorne (en rappel des 2 testaments, des cornes de Moïse ou de
la tiare d'Aaron), frontale et fendue, prolongée de 2 fanons qui tombent sr
les épaules. A noter que pendant longtemps, la tiare pontificale est appelée
the change in the form of the mitre can (must?) be traced through the
sculpture, painting and seals of the times. i believe that there are
two forms to be seen more or less contemporaneously (first third of the 13th
c.) on the transept portals of Chartres cathedral, the one of a more modest
and comfortable type which is "double horned" type as Damien describes it, but
still somewhat "souple," with the horns "lateral"
rather than frontal; and the other of the more pretentious, imposing and
familiar "peaked" type.
the earlier type seems to have been some kind of transitional one --perhaps
from the latter half of the 12th c.-- and appears, to my eye at least, to be
in view of the tremendous symbolic importance placed on all episcopal
trappings i assume that the changes in the mitre's form might be
traceable in the texts as well, though obviously i know not of suchlike
matters, being textually challenged.
best to all from here,
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