Regarding single and mixed sexed confraternities, I do know of a few, which
all occurred in Italy, and ranged from medieval times up through the
seventeenth centuries. These confraternities did occur sporadically,
however. It was far more common during medieval times for mixed or same sex
confraternities (especially flagellant groups). During the early and mid
Renaissance these groups became much more male dominated, and few actually
allowed female participation. However, during the Tridentine years, Italy
witnessed a growth in female and mixed sex religious confraternities. This
period is specifically my area of research for my PhD. If you are
interested, I can forward some book titles which may be helpful to your
querries. I understand, though, that you may not be interested in either
Italy or religious confraternities. I hope that this has been helpful in
some small way.
>From: Laura Jacobus <[log in to unmask]>
>Reply-To: Scholarly discussions of medieval religion and culture
> <[log in to unmask]>
>To: [log in to unmask]
>Subject: mixed and single-sex confraternities
>Date: Tue, 13 Feb 2001 13:04:11 -0000
>I got no joy from any of you regarding my earlier query about
>confraternities and chantry foundations, but undaunted, here's another.
> How usual was it/does anyone know of examples, for a confraternity which
>was founded as a brotherhood, to admit sisters at a later point in its
>history? Thinking of the British experience of Oxbridge Colleges and
>Gentlemen's Clubs I would assume it's unusual, but would be interested to
>test this out. The confraternity I'm working on was mixed-sex by the
>seventeenth century, but I'd like to know whether it's likely to have
>started that way back in the fourteenth.
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