Luciana Cuppo Csaki
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----- Original Message -----
From: "B.M.COOK" <[log in to unmask]>
To: <[log in to unmask]
> ----- Original Message -----
> From: "Otfried Lieberknecht" <[log in to unmask]>
> To: <[log in to unmask]>
> Sent: Saturday, January 06, 2001
> > - fire and ice in hell
> Myth and geography come together dramatically in Iceland.
> HEKLA perpetuis /
> damnata e(?)stib. et ni-/
> uib horrendo boat(?)u /
> lapides evomit.
<Lotharius, aka Pope Innocent III, was quite familiar with the torment of
Hecla 'damned to fire and snow everlasting' (perpetuis damnata aestibus et
nivibus, I would think). The damned, he wrote, 'de aquis nivium transibunt
ad calorem nimium' ut subita contrariorum mutatio graviorem inferat
cruciatum. Experimento cognovi quod adustus, si frigidis statim adhibeatur,
ardenciorem senciet cruciatum." Lotharius was of course paraphrasing Job
24.19 (Vulgate), 'ad nimium calorem transeat ab aquis nivium' and, need I
add, for Lotharius and Job hell was no myth.