Since you made this more precise, I might suggest that you take a look at Columba Stewart's summary of John Cassian in _Cassian the Monk_ (Oxford, 1998), e.g., p. 111-113, but at other places as well; this would provide a more recent supplement to the fundamental work of Leclercq on monastic reminiscence as a spiritual and exegetical method. This is not the same as Augustine's triad, of course, but might be the sort of thing you need to begin to make the linkages you want to make. The other very important work, of course, is that by Mary Carruthers, _The Book of Memory_ and her more recent book whose title escapes me. You might also look at Hugh of St. Victor's _Didascalicon_ and especially the commentary on it by Ivan Illich, _In the Vineyard of the Text_.
I am sending this to the entire list because it may be of interest more broadly: the literature on the Cistercians and Chretien, of course, is immense. But people may not be as aware of the work of Leopold Grill, OCist, on Chretien's Cistercian connections. Grill published a lot of this in the Analecta Cartusiana series, which is bibliographically a nightmare. (I have a graduate student working on a computerized index to this series, but it will be a while before it is usable.)
One article is Lopold Grill, O.Cist., "Mystik und Höfische Dichtung," in _Spiritualität heute und gestern_, vol. 1, Analecta Cartusiana, 35.1 (Salzburg: Institut für Anglistik und Amerikanistik, 1982), 115-56. But he has written other articles and a thorough bibliographic search might be useful. Grill was a Cistercian of the Abbey of Rein in Steiermark and has some very interesting speculations about connections between Champagne and Austria, including Steiermark and Carinthia, via Otto of Freising. Beyond that I leave the matter of Chretien to others more expert than I.