A useful tool in this area: Eileen Gardiner, Medieval visions of heaven
and hell (New York: Garland, 1993).
At 01:41 PM 1/5/2001 +0000, you wrote:
>Following Maddy's comment, in fairness to colleagues, I should perhaps be
>more specific. The Welsh medieval texts - unsurprisingly - do avail
>themselves of all the traditional imagery of the pains of hell and its fire;
>they also include, however, what seems to be more classical allusions to
>(among other things) ice and swampy regions [eg. *oerwern / ia*]. This is,
>of course, hardly unique to Wales, and presumably classical allusions are
>the ultimate source for these images. Can anyone remember who first employed
>Vergil et al. in their eschatological images?
>As an aside to this, Siôn Cent (c. 1370-1430), whose poems I am at present
>editing, has an alarming array of images for the more unpleasant bits of the
>afterlife, and one very interesting allusion to purgatory as *cwm y caith*
>[lit. `the valley of the slaves']. This too may be known to others.
>From: Scholarly discussions of medieval religion and culture
>[mailto:[log in to unmask]]On Behalf Of
>[log in to unmask]
>Sent: 05 January 2001 10:47
>To: [log in to unmask]
>Subject: Re: The "Hell Mouth" in medieval art & architecture.
>Paul's posting about medieval Welsh literary images of Hell as an icy marsh
>is interesting - the visual depiction of Hell, on the other hand (as in the
>Doom over the chancel arch at Wrexham) is of flames. Another example of the
>disparity between visual and literary imagery ?