Second Call for Papers
ICAIL-2001 Workshop on
REGULATATED ELECTRONIC SOCIETIES
May 25, 2001
St. Louis, Missouri, USA
* WORKSHOP ORGANISERS:
- Rosaria Conte, IP-CNR, Rome, Italy. Email: [log in to unmask]
- Giovanni Sartor, Faculty of Law, University of Bologna, and School of
Law, University of Belfast. Email: [log in to unmask]
- Marek Sergot, Department of Computing, Imperial College London.
Email: [log in to unmask]
* INTENDED AUDIENCE:
As part of the ICAIL-2001 conference, a one-day workshop will be held
on the topic of 'regulated electronic societies'. The workshop is
intended to bring together researchers in AI & Law, multi-agent
research, electronic commerce, and computational social sciences, to
see what they can learn form each other with respect to this topic.
For the AI & Law community this workshop will provide an exciting
opportunity to come into contact with new application areas of their
* CALL FOR PAPERS:
- Premise: The Problem of Infosocial Order
In open and complex information societies including diverse agents
having different tasks to be carried out within time constraints, the
problem of cooperation arises in different contexts:
* User-agent interaction, where personal assistants need to be
trustworthy and congruent with the expectations of human users (Conte
& Castelfranchi, 2000).
* Competitive contexts, like agent-mediated e-commerce, where software
agents are used to act in the interest and on behalf of their
self-interested users (Rao, 1998; Crabtree, 1998). This generates
potential social dilemmas between users' and others' interests which
call for social solutions. Among other aspects, a socially
unacceptable strategy is sometimes found to produce self-defeating
effects in the long run (Crabtree, 1998).
* Teamwork, which requires individual responsibility for the common
task, and therefore commitment (Jennings, 1995) and social control
(Kaminka and Tambe, 2000).
Hence, the necessity to build agent architectures which achieve
coordination and cooperation, solve potential conflicts, play
intermediary roles, reconcile local and global utility, etc. In short,
both "human adequacy" and "strict engineering reasons" (Schillo et al.
2000) raise problems of infosocial order. Solutions to these problems
may consist of conventions and/or norms or formal laws. In the former,
social order results from converging behaviour based upon shared
expectations. In the latter, social order is achieved by the fact that
the agents' deliberative processes make reference to shared
prescriptions, which may possibly be backed systems of incentives and
sanctions (as is the case for enforceable laws).
- Open Questions
However, solutions pose new problems while solving others. In
particular, conventions and norms may be partial, local and even
antagonist. Hence, software agents are expected to take the same
decision faced by humans in natural societies, i.e. to detect and solve
conflicts among incompatible norms, laws and conventions). In addition,
institutional laws imply a costly and not always efficient system of
centralised control. On the other hand, conventions do not ensure
innovation and do not allow for control. Therefore, a number of
questions need to be answered:
* What are the specific problems of social order in e-societies?
* What are the effects of the solutions implemented so far?
* Are there differences between norms, conventions and laws? What are
their relative costs and benefits?
* What about "enforcement" and "control"? To what extent existing
solutions are successful, and at which cost?
* Can norms and laws evolve? How to reconcile conventions and
* What about institutional competence, i.e. the capacity to recognise,
execute norms, solve conflicts among them, etc.?
* What kind of agent architecture do these phenomena require? What can
be solved with learning, adaptive agents, and when are deliberative
architectures needed? What about integrated architectures, where
deliberative and dynamic components interact?
* What about implementing moral and social emotions or sentiments?
* What about social monitoring and control, in comparison with
institutional enforcement and control?
The workshop is intended to reach a large audience from different
scientific and computational fields, such as AI & Law, deontic logics,
computational social sciences, multi-agent systems, and e-commerce. The
unifying perspective is provided by our emphasis on agent-based
computer simulation, organisations and institutions design and
management, agent-mediated interaction (with a special attention to
e-commerce and virtual markets), multi-agent systems, info-societies
design, AI-based collaborative design. The workshop is also aimed at
promoting useful discussion. To this aim, the workshop will consist
of a set of symposia on specific topics that will be established by
the organisers according to the results of the reviewing process.
Authors are strongly recommended to submit original, although possibly
incomplete, work and, if their papers are accepted to participate in a
collective discussion about both their own and others' contributions.
Both theoretical and empirical works from a wide range of disciplines
are encouraged, including AI & Law, logical philosophy, philosophy of
law, AI and computer science, cognitive science, evolutionary biology
and psychology, philosophy of mind, cognitive psychology, sociology and
social psychology, economics, anthropology. Formal-computational and
simulation-based works are encouraged on a wide range of topics:
* Conceptual analysis of conventions, laws, & institutions
* Natural and e-societies
* Organisation design and management
* Collective vs. individual vs. shared obligation, commitment and
* Cooperation, commitment and teamwork
* Trust and reputation
* Fraud, exchange and deception
* Altruism and reciprocity
* Social and moral emotions
* Emerging vs. designed institutions
* Distributed vs. centralised control
* Enforcing mechanisms
* Agent architecture: deliberative vs. adaptive
Deadline for submission of contributions: March 1, 2001
Notification of acceptance: April 1, 2001
Final version of paper due: May 1, 2001
WORKSHOP PROGRAM COMMITTEE:
Francesco Billari, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research,
Josť Carmo, Technical University of Lisbon, Portugal
Josť Castro-Caldas, Higher Institute of Labour and Business Studies,
Aspassia Daskalopulu King's College London, UK.
Chris Dellarocas, MIT Sloan School of Management, USA
Frank Dignum, Utrecht University, The Netherlands
Nick Gotts, Macaulay Land Research Institue, Aberdeen, UK
Andrew Jones, University of Oslo, Norway
Jeremy Pitt, Imperial College London, UK
Carles Sierra, Artificial Intelligence Research Insititute,
Raimo Tuomela, University of Helsinki, Finland
Please contact the Workshop Organizers if you have any questions.