The threads regarding the "Olympics", "Paralympics",
"Special Olympics", etc. were most stimulating and
educational for me. I am a layperson without academic
credentials (...other than Computer Science.)
Much of the threads dealt with, IMO, semantics and side
issues which confused and educated me.
The accident that rendered me paraplegic ocurred when
I was 47 years old. Prior to that I engaged in many
sports -- car racing, motorcycles, hang-gliding, and
many more activities that on more than on occasion
should/could have placed me in the same situation as
opposed to falling from a simple tree.
On Fri, 13 Oct 2000 11:59:06 +1000 Laurence Bathurst
wrote on the subject:
RE: paralympic as a "medical model"/wheelchair racing as an Paralympics et al
> Just one more thing. In wheelchair basketball, the game relies on the
> assessment of levels of functional ability. I would guess that there must
> be some point at which a person may be declared too functionally able to
> compete in a wheelchair?
I cannot aswer if a person may be declared too functional to
compete in a wheelchair.
My current area of sports (after 23 years) is sailing and YES,
there are rules that apply in this area. In fact as I write this
I am not sure the "new" ones have been finalized yet.
Last year I competed in the "Bell Mobility Cup", we had contenders
from Portugal, Bahamas, Australia, USA and of course Canada,
(although not important, I placed 45 of 64) it was a fantastic
event. We sailed a "Martin 16" and got my wife (who was a
"transfer volunteer" from not willing to take on 6" seas before
the competition to be a sharing companion to take on the same
seas after the competition -- my price :-)
The draft (and I'll spare you the 28 pages) has an introduction:
> The previous IFDS classification system was based upon a sailor's disability and we believe was
> an excellent basis for the early days of international racing. However, recent trends within the
> sport/disability world have indicated that functional disability classification provides a more
> equitable means of quantifying a disabled person's ability to participate in a particular sport.
> This falls in line with the general trend within the Paralympic Movement and is also a response
> to the dramatic improvement in the standard of racing by sailors.
> An efficient classification system must:
> - Enable fair and equitable competition, at all levels, for mildly, moderately and severely
> disabled sailors.
> - Encourage crews of mixed disability, from mild to severe, to compete and complement
> each other.
> - Not be affected by the sailing skills, training or talent of the participant
> - Only measure functional limitations caused by physical disability
> - Be as simple as possible so that it can be used in a consistent way in every participating
> - Allow sailors and those people without medical expertise to make a reasonably accurate
> estimate of a sailor's classification.
> Sailing functions
> In this context, the main functions of sailing have been identified as:
> - Compensation for the movement of the boat. (Stability)
> - Operating the control lines and the tiller (Hand function)
> - Ability to move about in the boat (Mobility)
> - Ability to see whilst racing (Vision)
> These functions have been further refined to test A. Tiller, B. Sheeting, C. Cleating, D.
> Transferring, E. Hiking.
> Functional classes
> The following functional classes have been identified as the framework for this Classification
> - Stability
> - Hand function
> - Mobility
> - Vision
> Ranking of functional limitations
> From the observation of top sailors, it has been possible to identify the degree to which
> different functional limitations affect the ability to undertake the functions of sailing. For
> example, the partial loss of the use of a foot is regarded as less functionally disabling in sailing
> than it might be in other sports.
> In the previous system, if a sailor had several functional limitations, it was the one that scored
> the least points which counted.
> In the Functional Classification 2000 consideration of several measurable abilities and
> disabilities will be taken into account
> Maximum and Minimum Total Points per Crew ( ˘Crew÷ is the three sailors racing
> the boat).
> A maximum total points per crew is set so that a crew cannot have too many sailors with a
> mild disability. If a crew chooses to compete with three severely disabled sailors (which would
> not be desirable for safety reasons), they are not given any sporting advantage over a less
> disabled crew whose total points is within the limit. The limit is set to encourage a mix of
> disabilities. See 1.3 for details
> Minimum level of disability for an individual
> When a sailor has minimal disability they may be considered to have normal ability for sailing
> and will not rate under the Functional Classification 2000. They are not allowed to compete in
> ISAF/IFDS Disabled Sailing Events. See 1.2
If you would like the full draft document please email me
off-line so as not to congest the list.
This applies to a type of craft -- the Sonar where three (3)
people crew it. I have not have occasion to try it yet.
Other craft are "Hobby Cats" and transferability is of course
an issue, however is solved by a "trap seat" and you don't
do all the maneouvers one would be capable of.
Specifically for the Sydney Paralimpics (as related to sailing)
I have the following:
> Hi all,
> We're off to Sydney. Actually the team is already down there training hard,
> and I'm on my way to join them today. Following are some recommendations on
> how you can find out what we, the sailing team, and the other Canadian
> Paralympic teams are up to down under.
> The Opening Ceremonies for the Paralympic Games are on October 18. The
> practice day for sailing is October 20 and we race in earnest October
> 21-27. The Closing Ceremonies are October 29.
> Canadian Paralympic Committee
> The CPC site contains profiles of all the athletes, descriptions of each
> sport and background info on the Games. As well, the CPC Media Guide will
> be posted on the site, and it will be the place to check for daily results
> updates during the Games along with numerous other features (feature
> stories, who is competing the next day,etc).
> Canadian Yachting Association
> Canadian sailing team daily reports and team profiles will be posted here.
> The same daily report as the CYA website will be posted here, along with
> daily photos of sailing and sailors and other information about our team
> and activities.
> We Media Sports is the official webcaster of the 2000 Paralympic Games.
> They will be providing a LIVE broadcast of the games online at
> www.wemedia.com/sports and sailing has been selected as one of the featured
> events. They are planning to have web cameras, chase boats and helicopter
> cameras recording the sailing and beaming it out in real time via the
> Visitors must register for the free Webcast at www.wemedia.com.
> A half-hour studio show will kick off coverage at 6:30 p.m. Eastern time.
> Then, three simultaneous live feeds will capture action for 10 1/2 hours,
> interrupted only by cuts to the Paralympic show. For surfers asleep in the
> wee hours, events will be archived.
> Sydney Paralympic Organizing Committee
> VOICEPRINT (Official Media Sponsor of the Canadian Paralympic Team):
> VoicePrint will broadcast nationally a daily program at noon (repeated at 6
> p.m.) ET providing all the news from the Paralympic Games. Each show will
> carry the latest results, medal standings, Paralympic history and
> background, interviews, profiles on the athletes and special features from,
> get this, our own Keith Hobbs.
> VoicePrint, a division of NBRS, is Canada's free 24-hour audio newsstand.
> It is available via cable TV and/or Cable FM in 6.4 million households. For
> information on how to get VoicePrint, call 1-800-567-6755.
> CBC will provide a daily feed highlighting Canadian performances each day
> (about 5-10 minutes) which all Canadian networks can pick up. Yes, that's it.
> They will be producing 2 one hour highlight shows to air following the
> Games. In addition, they will air 5 or 6 shows profiling Paralympic
> athletes (very similar to the Olympians series that has aired over the last
> few months - 2 athletes are featured per half hour show). The athletes were
> filmed in action during the summer (none of the sailors). They will shoot
> some additional footage during the Games, and the profiles will also air
> following the Games.
> Canadian Press will be receiving results, stories and photos directly from
> the CPC media office in Sydney and distributing them on the wire to their
> thousands of outlets all across Canada. In addition, CPC will be sending
> results updates for athletes to their local papers.
> We'll keep in touch. Don't forget that email works both ways. We'd all love
> to hear from you.
> Kathy Campbell
> Disabled Sailing, Canadian Yachting Association
> Tel/Fax: (604) 732-6071
> Email: [log in to unmask]
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