This was circulated via GeoNet. There is a lot that is relevant to the 'map
world' so I thought I would forward it on.
Wendy Cawthorne, Assistant Librarian,
Geological Society Library,
Burlington House, Piccadilly, LONDON W1V 0JU
Tel: +44 (0)20 7734 5673; Fax: +44 (0)20 7439 3470
e-mail: [log in to unmask]
Web Address: http://www.geolsoc.org.uk
> -----Original Message-----
> From: Carolyn J. Laffoon [SMTP:[log in to unmask]]
> Sent: Friday, July 28, 2000 4:00 PM
> To: [log in to unmask]
> Subject: CUAC minutes
> Below are the minutes from the 2000 CUAC meeting. The printed
> version will appear in the next GIS Newsletter.
> The Cartographic User Advisory Council met on May 4 - 5, 2000 in Silver
> Spring, Maryland. The meeting was hosted by NOAA. The CUAC
> representatives in attendance were: Janet Collins, Western Washington
> University (WAML), Donna Koepp, University of Kansas (GODORT), Clara
> McLeod, Washington University (GIS), Dan Seldin, Indiana University
> (NACIS), Richard Spohn, University of Cincinnati (GIS), Paul Stout, Ball
> State University (NACIS), Christopher JJ Thiry, Colorado School of Mines
> (WAML), and Mark Thomas, Duke University (MAGERT).
> The presenters were: Robin Haun-Mohamed (GPO), Vi Moorhouse (Map
> cataloger at the GPO), Fred Anderson and Howard Danley (NOAA), John
> Hebert (Chief of LC G&M), Jim Lusby (NIMA), Robert Marx and Tim Trainor
> Rea Mueller (USGS), Betsy Banas (USFS), and Tom Patterson (NPS). The
> official minutes follow:
> Government Printing Office (GPO)
> Robin Haun-Mohamed of the Government Printing Office (GPO) told the
> Council that GPO will distribute 28.2 million items in Fiscal Year
> 2000. GPO distributed 382,000 maps in FY 1999. GPO is entering its
> fifth year of transition from paper to electronic items. The amount of
> fiche, paper, and CD-ROMs is down. GPO is attempting to eliminate
> multiple-formatted products, but these are reviewed on a case-by-case
> basis. The DRGs are available on-line through Microsoft Terraserver.
> The topos are available on-line via TopoZone (www.topozone.com).
> Robin reported that in March she had met with representatives of the
> Bureau of the Census. They discussed the responsibility for long-term
> access to Census electronic products. Currently, these products are
> using Acrobat or Hewlett Packard Graphics Language (HPGL).
> The National Wetlands fiche and new web site were discussed. The
> revised and improved National Wetlands Maps that had been done for GPO a
> couple of years ago were formatted wrong by the vender, and thus not
> distributed. Council indicated that if they could be made available on
> the web, they would not need to be photographed again. Similar versions
> are available on the web at: http://wetlands.fws.gov/
> Robin asked the Council a series of questions: 1) What is the impact on
> libraries when mapping is online? 2) How do we use online
> spatial/cartographic data? 3) Do we download things, save things,
> archive them, or do we go back to the original source material each
> time? 4) Do we handle electronic map needs in the library or do we send
> our users someplace else? 5) Do we use the airport charts, obstruction
> charts, approach charts, etc.? 6) What will be the impact if the USGS
> Open File Reports go online only?
> Council members each in turned answered as many of these questions as
> applied to them.
> Government Printing Office (GPO) Map Cataloging
> Vi Moorehouse from the GPO Cataloging Unit made a few comments to the
> Council. She said that there are over 200 map libraries, of which an
> estimated 40% are run by professional map people. GPO is concerned
> about the remaining 60%. Vi expressed a desire that the map library
> community would provide guidance to those who are uninitiated in map
> Vi told the Council that their map cataloging backlog is "almost nil."
> At this point, USGS topos are being cataloged using two different dating
> methods. One is in the edition statement. If the edition statement is
> not available, the date is added at the end of the title. The Forest
> Service-USGS maps are being listed under I 19:81 instead of A13.28. She
> also indicated that USGS is very receptive to requests to place
> something online, such as Open File Reports.
> Vi discussed a problem with encoding of GPO's new BIBCO records. BIBCO
> requires that the encoding level in the fixed fields be left blank (like
> LC). The result is that records are being displayed in OCLC as LC
> originated, instead of GPO. Thus, it is not possible to identify
> GPO/BIBCO records in the OCLC title index listings.
> National Ocean Service (NOS)
> The National Ocean Service (NOS) was represented by Fred Anderson, the
> Deputy Director of the Office of Aeronautical Charting and Cartography,
> and Howard Danley, the Deputy Chief the Navigational Services Division
> of the Office of Coast Survey.
> Fred reported that Aeronautical Charting and Cartography (AC&C) will be
> moving to the Federal Aviation Administration on October 1, 2000. They
> will stay in their current facilities in Silver Spring, Maryland. AC&C
> prints and distributes NOAA and NIMA charts to the public. Aeronautical
> charts will remain in the Federal Depository Library Program. Libraries
> should contact AC&C's Distribution Office in Riverdale, Maryland for
> catalogs and other promotional information to give to patrons. The FAA
> has not made a decision about AC&C printing and distributing Nautical
> Charts. Fred noted that the printing of aeronautical and nautical
> charts fit together well. There is a 28-day cycle for aeronautical
> charts and the nautical charts fill in the printing gaps. The
> distribution computer system has been fine-tuned and AC&C can start
> shipping aeronautical and nautical charts directly to the depository
> libraries, rather than going through GPO. The libraries should be
> getting these products faster--before the effective date of the charts.
> For future digital aeronautical charts, AC&C does not want to use
> copyright or user fees. They want to avoid a CRADA because that would
> create a monopoly and would be outside the Federal Depository Library
> Howard Danley reported that they don't know what will happen with
> printing and distribution of nautical charts when AC&C goes to the FAA.
> They have a Cooperative Research & Development Agreement (CRADA) for
> print on demand for nautical charts. Nautical charts have a life of 1-2
> years. Commercial ships have to keep their charts corrected by hand
> from updates that are published in Notices to Mariners. Until 1969, the
> charts in the warehouse were hand corrected until shipped. Nautical
> charting agencies in the rest of the world still hand-correct the charts
> before shipping. Print-on-demand will allow more up-to-date charts to
> be distributed. A print-on-demand trial of forty charts of the New York
> Harbor area will be undertaken by a company called Vomela in St. Paul,
> Minnesota. There is a continual update of the digital files and the
> base information can be changed in two to three weeks. The
> print-on-demand copies would have an added value and cost more. They
> could be produced in custom editions with special marginal information
> for commercial users or recreational users. They could be printed with
> or without Loran. NOS wants to test the viability of these higher cost
> Currently, raster digital nautical charts are produced under a CRADA
> with Maptech. The company has a web site, www.maptech.com which has
> views of the charts available online. The regular CD-ROMs cost about
> $200 each. They have a Professional Series CD for $500 each. These
> come with an e-mail update service. Updates are received by e-mail and
> the charts are updated when the CD is run. The updated charts can be
> saved to the hard disk or a floppy disk or only the updates are saved so
> that the updated charts are displayed on the screen when it is called
> up. NOS is working to have these Professional Series CD charts
> certified by the Coast Guard for the carriage requirements for use in
> navigation for ships of more than 1600 tons.
> Vector nautical charts are being developed by NOS. By the end of the
> year, vector charts of the 40 largest United States ports should be
> available. Ships should be able to navigate using the vector charts
> with GPS. NOS has a demo of the area near Valdez Alaska. Had these
> charts been available, the Exxon Valdez would have received six audio
> warnings before it ran aground. The NOS home page has images of the
> nautical charts at 100 dpi. These should be small enough so they cannot
> be used for navigation, but provide customers with an idea of coverage.
> For now, NOS will continue with both print-on-demand and lithographic
> copies in parallel. When the price of the print-on-demand copies comes
> down, maybe the lithographic copies would be dropped. The
> print-on-demand copies would be copyrighted and would not be in the
> Federal Depository Library Program.
> Library of Congress Geography and Map Division (LC G&M)
> John Hebert, the new Chief of the Geography and Map Division at the
> Library of Congress spoke to the Council before lunch. John worked in
> the Library's Hispanic Division before moving to Geography and Map. He
> announced several staffing changes. Betsy Mangan will be retiring in
> the Summer. Betsy has been with the Division for over 30 years. John
> hopes to hire an assistant chief and someone to take over the reins of
> the cataloging unit. Al Herman retired in the spring. The Division
> will be hiring a new Administrative Officer. Currently, the Division
> is in good shape as far as staffing-the push for materials in the
> American Memory Program has helped.
> The Division continues to bring in a large number of materials through
> purchases, the State Department Program, and the copyright program.
> Recently, the Division received a gift including 6 of the known 18 maps
> by Lafayette's cartographer. The Division is starting to make
> arrangements to acquire maps from Cuba.
> Last summer, LC implimented a new Integrated Library System
> (ILS)-Endeavor. It has been a trial at times. NIMA also installed
> Endeavor, so the two organizations are working out agreements to share
> data. While NIMA has never used the MARC format, they have cataloged
> each individual sheet of the various map series. Conversely, LC
> catalogs using MARC, but has not individually cataloged the sheets to
> its various series (numbering over 2,000,000 sheets). Once LC acquires
> the individual sheet information from NIMA, they will hire contract
> workers to bring the records up to LC standards.
> The National Digital Library Program is entering its 5th year. The
> Library is reviewing the Program and deciding whether it should remain
> in the departments (like G & M) or consolidated into one system-wide
> office. The Division has completed scanning their collection of
> panoramic maps of the US, and continues to add these types of maps as
> they acquire them. They have also completely scanned two atlases
> including one by Ortelius. New categories include railroads maps, Civil
> War maps, Revolutionary War maps, and maps of the Spanish and Portuguese
> world from before 1600. The maps in the various categories are being
> derived from the cartobibliographies compiled at LC. The Civil War
> scanning project was begun in November 1999. The Revolutionary War maps
> will start soon. Spanish maps will start in the Fall. The Division
> entered a contract in 1998 with Sanborn to scan their maps. The project
> has been halted due to a dispute over copyright. LC is allowing Sanborn
> access to 250,000 maps that are in the public domain, but Sanborn wants
> to add a copyright statement to the scanned images. LC feels that
> anything made before 1923 is in the public domain. Also, the Division
> is currently exploring a cooperative project with the State of Virginia
> Library and West Point to scan maps of the cartographer of the
> Confederacy. Other proposed scanning projects include the U.S. county
> atlases from the 1800's, land ownership maps, and maps of Eastern Europe
> from the late 1800's. Printed copies of the scanned maps are available
> through a company in Seattle - www.museumarchives.com. John believes
> that a print out of a panoramic map will cost about $40.
> Gary Fitzpatrick has received funding to hire two people in FY 2001 and
> two more in FY 2002 to do GIS in the Division for Congress.
> Essentially, they will create GIS maps on demand for Congressional
> The Council inquired about the LC Summer Project. John was very
> interested in doing it. Despite concerns about the cost of housing, he
> indicated that LC would be unable to provide funding toward housing.
> However, he encouraged everyone to write letters to him requesting
> information and expressing interest in the Summer Program. He indicated
> the Philip Lee Philips Society might be able to help.
> The Division has initiated weekly talks by staff members. The topics
> are chosen by the speakers and the talks are intended to build bridges
> of understanding within the Division, and to let others know what they
> are doing.
> National Imagery and Mapping Agency (NIMA)
> Jim Lusby addressed the Council for NIMA. He works in the
> National/Civil Agencies Customer Operation Branch. There are Customer
> Operations liaison officers and technicians stationed worldwide. NIMA
> products meet the needs of civil, national, and law enforcement
> customers. Their products helped support the USGS Environmental Crisis
> Support efforts such as Hurricane Mitch, and the Colombian earthquake.
> Working with the Secret Service, NIMA has supported security efforts
> during the Papal visit to St. Louis, the Energy Conference in Houston,
> and the World Bank Meeting in Washington.
> The digital products that NIMA has available are on their web site:
> Through agreements with other countries, NIMA will soon be distributing
> available topographic maps at a scale of 1:50,000, 1:1000,000,
> 1:250,000, and Cities at various scales of the following countries:
> Vietnam, Cambodia, Laos, Somalia, Tanzania, Uganda, Bolivia, Dominican
> Republic, Haiti, Belize, Honduras, Guatemala, El Salvador, Nicaragua,
> and Costa Rica. Once printed, depository libraries who have chosen to
> receive NIMA topographic maps will get a full set (or as many as are
> available) of each country.
> In summary, Jim made three points: 1) There will be Digital Nautical
> Charts (DNCs) which are vector images. These are not yet finished.
> There is a replacement for Digital Chart of the World it is the Vector
> Map Level 0 which consist of four (4) CD-ROMs. 2) There will be a
> vector map of the world at Level 1 detail but only of selective
> countries. 3) NIMA is moving toward providing foundation-feature data
> electronically. They want to provide the data and have others do the
> hardcopy mapping. The data will be continuously updated. There are no
> concrete plans to archive the data, but they are talking about it. NIMA
> hopes to phase out printed products by 2010.
> Census Bureau
> Robert Marx, Chief of the Census Bureau's Geography Division, and Tim
> Trainor, Chief of the Cartographic Operations Branch spoke to CUAC about
> developments at the Census Bureau. They gave the Council a TIGER
> bookmark that had lots of useful URLs for Geography Division web sites.
> They began their talk with new developments for Census 2000. The term
> Block Numbering Areas (BNAs) will not be used any more; just Census
> Tracts and Census Block Groups, although not all of these have been
> developed with local authorities. Formerly, there was a required
> minimum population of 1000 in order to constitute a Census Designated
> Place (CDP), but now there will be no minimum population requirement.
> CDPs are closely settled and named, although unincorporated,
> communities. The Census works with local governments to decide which
> blocks make up a CDP. Block numbers will now be 4 digits with no
> suffix; this style of number will be available first with the P.L.
> 94-171 data release shortly before April 2001. Census blocks are the
> smallest area of land defined by line features on census maps. ZIP Code
> Tabulation Areas (ZCTAs) are approximately the same as USPS ZIP Code
> service areas and have been developed to address difficulties in mapping
> USPS ZIP Codes. ZIP Codes are assigned to routes or points, and
> technically aren't area features. ZCTAs will be done at the 3-digit
> level for large areas that don't have housing units (because ZIP Codes
> in these areas are as yet undefined by the US Postal Service).
> In contrast to the predominately black and white paper products from
> 1990 and earlier, Census 2000 will have an emphasis on electronic map
> products, in color, with paper products available on demand. Electronic
> media will include the Internet, CD-ROM, and DVD-ROM. Plotter formats
> will include Adobe Acrobat Portable Document Format (PDF) and Hewlett
> Packard Graphic Language (HPGL). Examples of CDs being produced are the
> Congressional District Atlas, Census Mapper, and PL 94-171 Redistricting
> Data from the Census 2000 Dress Rehearsal. Digital format has
> advantages in the areas of more efficient storage, ease of selecting and
> choosing a map, and retaining the ability to print. Census's standard
> plotter is an HP DesignJet 1050C, which produces color or black and
> white output at 600 dots per inch and includes 80 megabytes of RAM and a
> 2 gigabyte hard disc. The Acrobat files will have thumbnails and
> geographi area names will be searchable.
> Customers will still be able to order paper products from the Census
> Bureau. Cartographic products will be available a month before the PL
> 94-171 data and should cost the same as in 1990 ($5 a sheet for a
> printed map). Boundary files in Acrobat (PDF) will be downloadable to
> the public, but not the HPGL plotter format; the latter can be purchased
> on DVD.
> Examples of paper products that will be available for purchase are
> large-format reference maps, such as Government Unit Block Maps, Census
> Tract Outline Maps, and State/County Outline Maps. After 2000,
> State/County Metro Areas, Urbanized Areas, and Congressional Districts
> maps will be available, as well as Public Use Microdata Sample Products
> (PUMS). Corner Point Files, based on map sheet coordinates, will be
> provided for large format maps only.
> P.L. 94-171 paper products will be available by March 2001, HPGL files
> by April, and Acrobat files in May. The Governmental unit maps will be
> available on paper in May 2001, in HPGL in June, and in Acrobat in July.
> Other reference maps will follow later in 2001.
> For those needing to manipulate electronic files, generalized boundary
> files will be available from the Census Bureau's Geography Division
> cartographic boundary file web site (http://www.census.gov/geo/www/cob/)
> in some standard GIS formats: ArcView shape files, ArcInfo export format
> files, and ASCII. The TIGER/Linefile discs will continue to be
> available as they have been for those who need to translate street and
> boundary files into GIS formats. Files will come with FGDC compliant
> U.S. Geological Survey (USGS)
> Rea Mueller spoke to the Council concerning USGS issues. The Survey
> serves a variety of disciplines including geologic, cartographic (i.e.,
> National Mapping Division), hydrologic, and biologic. They are moving
> into the web in all areas, including data, electronic publications,
> status graphics, GNIS, geography, and National Biological
> Infrastructure. Search and access tools include GLIS to identify and
> order materials, and Earth Explorer (from OHIOVIEW funding that contains
> Landsat and Corona).
> Map lists will continue to be put online. These will show the
> version-date rather than the currentness-date. The version date is the
> latest date, and will be in the lower right-hand corner of the paper
> topographic map. New editions of the paper indexes will combine map
> indexes (the green books) and map lists (the information in the old
> brown books or white state map lists) onto one sheet. While, the
> printed map lists will only show the version date, the online map lists
> give both version and currentness dates. Map reference codes will be
> added to the index sheet. Maine is the prototype for this series, with
> North Carolina in the works. The Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS)
> and the Minerals Availability System/Minerals Industry Location System
> (MAS/MILS) databases are available in electronic format on
> Terraserver offers maps on the web. The DRG's are available for all of
> the U.S. except Alaska. The DOQ's are still not complete for the entire
> Rea told the Council about a new information program that may be
> accessed by calling 1-888-ASK-USGS. One of the option buttons on the
> toll-free number is "Talk to the USGS Library Information Desk." The
> new web site (http://ask.usgs.gov) will have information on water,
> hazards, and biology.
> The thematic map series are changing. The "I," "HA," and
> "Circum-Pacific" map series will continue to be produced, and be sent
> under a single depository number. Other series are complete and the
> final numbers are: C-146, OM-227, OC-148, GP-1016, MR-96, GQ-1804. A
> few maps in each series are still in progress, and will be sent when
> completed. The MF series may be saved but only in electronic form.
> Progress continues on the online version of the National Atlas, which
> may be viewed at www.nationalatlas.gov/. The project is progressing
> with the cooperation of eighteen federal agency partners. Some new maps
> include a shaded relief map, and an earthquake map. The National Atlas
> has an interactive browser and connects with the TerraServer which
> allows patrons to view aspects of a local area.
> Several trends were noted in USGS map production and distribution.
> There will be more cooperative partnerships. USGS maps will likely
> continue not to fall under copyright. Future revision of the
> topographic maps will focus on top-selling quads and on maps produced in
> cooperation with other agencies.
> U.S. Forest Service (USFS)
> Betsy Banas from the US Forest Service, Washington, D.C. Office spoke to
> the Council about some new mapping activities. Mapping for the Forest
> Service historically was done from regional offices. But in 1975, the
> Forest Service began to consolidate mapping with the establishment of
> the Geometronics Service Center in Salt Lake City. As technology has
> evolved the Center has become increasinly involved in geospatial
> activities: providing geospatial data, services and training in addition
> to traditional mapping. In 1999 Geometronics Service Center was renamed
> the Geospatial Service and Technology Center (GSTC), to better reflect
> its new mission.
> The production of the "Single edition" series of maps continues. These
> are produced to the specifications of the USGS 1:24,000 scale
> topographic quadrangles with Forest Service information as well.
> Several years ago, the Forest Service entered into an agreement with
> USGS to produce, in accordance with USGS standards, the quads covering
> the Forests. Consequently, the Forest Service is in the process of
> updating a large number of topo maps, and plans to keep their revision
> cycle on a tighter schedule than would otherwise be possible if USGS
> were responsible for their update. Five years is the ideal but
> realistically it can be as much as 15 to 20 years. Quads in areas of
> frequent change are revised more frequently.
> Until recently, the Forest Visitors' Maps have been available for
> purchase only from the individual forests themselves. But, the Service
> has entered into an agreement with USGS such that USGS will sell and
> distribute Forest Visitor Maps through their vendor network for
> participating Forests.
> In October 1999, President Clinton called a halt to all construction of
> Roads in unroaded Forest areas. This (the Roadless Initiative) is a
> conservation effort to protect endangered species and promote biological
> diversity. An environmental impact statement will be done on 54 million
> acres. GIS has been an essential tool in this process. Numerous
> product-specific maps have been generated which display information from
> a variety of geospatial and tabular files. The data provides information
> regarding inventory of roadless areas, road status, fire risk, forest
> health. These can be viewed at: www.roadless.fs.fed.us.
> National Park Service (NPS)
> Tom Patterson from the National Park Service Division of Publications at
> the Harpers Ferry Center spoke to the Council regarding mapping of the
> National Parks. Lands under Park Service stewardship cover most States
> and Territories, including Alaska, Hawaii, American Samoa, Guam, the
> Virgin Islands, and Puerto Rico. The Harpers Ferry Center staff of four
> cartographers provide visitor-orientation mapping for the 379 parks in
> the system. The cartographic program at Harpers Ferry Center is unique
> among Federal agencies for its strong emphasis on graphic design.
> The National Park Service web site receives approximately 850,000 hits
> per day. Within that site, the Harpers Ferry Center's web site is the
> 10th most popular web site in the NPS. There were 4.7 million hits on
> the Harpers Ferry site last year.
> There are approximately 500 maps in the Division of Publications
> inventory, 99% of which are digitized. Of the digital inventory, 80% are
> on the web. The remaining 20% are still waiting to be printed before
> they are placed on the web. Vector map files are available in both
> Adobe Acrobat (PDF) format and Adobe Illustrator (AI) format. With the
> release of Adobe Illustrator 9.0, maps will be posted in PDF format
> only, since the PDF and AI formats will merge. Shaded relief images,
> which are used as placed art backgrounds within vector maps, are
> published on the web only in gray scale. Well over 100 shaded reliefs
> are loaded on the web page as 200 dpi JPEGs. There are no plans to scan
> historic park maps.
> Tom presented new maps of Mt. Rainier; Crater Lake; Channel Islands
> (with digitally-generated bathymetry); Buck Island Reef in the Virgin
> Islands (he noted that it was a challenge to show the reef bottom with
> traditional cartographic methods, so they incorporated aerial
> photography); an oblique view of the Grand Canyon; California Trail; a
> guide to Fort Larned, KS (using 3D technology for the landscape details,
> including buildings and trees); and Fort Davis, Texas.