A special collection edited by Koen Leurs and Kevin Smets titled “Forced migration and digital connectivity in(to) Europe” has now been published in ‘Social Media + Society’.
Digital migration has emerged as a contentious topic during the recent so-called “European refugee crisis.” Focusing on the context of Europe, this special collection of ‘Social Media + Society’ seeks to historicize, contextualize, empirically ground, and conceptually reflect on the impact of digital technologies on forced migration.
All articles are freely available in open-access format here: http://journals.sagepub.com/page/sms/collections/special-issues/forced-migrants-and-digital-connectivity
Calais and its Border Politics; From Control to Demolition
Series: Routledge Research on the Global Politics of Migration
'Calais has a long history of transient refugee settlements and has become a point of sustained tension between the UK and France, never more so than in recent years. This book offers a comprehensive insight into the making and unmaking of the ‘Jungle’, one of Europe’s longest-standing refugee camps. The book unpacks the perceived threat of the jungle, seeing both its revival and destruction through the context of a broader border politics. This book’s exploration of the representation and governance of the contentious Calais camps will be useful to students and scholars of forced migration, border politics, displacement, refugee crisis, camps and human trauma.'
By Yasmin Ibrahim, Queen Mary, University of London, UK and Anita Howarth, Brunel University, UK
Samuel Hall – Syria’s Spontaneous Returns Study
This study seeks to provide an analysis of the current returns to Syria. The ongoing armed conflict in Syria has displaced millions of people inside and outside the country sparking an international humanitarian crisis. Since 2011, over 6 million Syrians have sought asylum outside Syria’s borders, and an additional 6.5 million people displaced internally. There is no clear picture of the number or conditions in places of return. This research contributes to filling this gap. Returns to Syria should neither be promoted nor facilitated, as the focus must remain on investing in the preservation, and expansion, of protection space in host countries.
IDMC thematic report - Searching for solutions: Lessons for Syria
Since the outbreak of conflict in Syria in 2011, close to half the country’s pre-war population has been displaced. According to the IASC framework on durable solutions for internally displaced persons, “a durable solution is achieved when internally displaced persons no longer have any specific assistance and protection needs that are linked to their displacement and can enjoy their human rights without discrimination on account of their displacement.”
In Syria, sustained efforts from humanitarian and development actors will be needed in order to work towards meeting these benchmarks. As made painfully apparent by the bombardment of Eastern Ghouta and other areas, the country remains far from safe; explosive hazards contamination put the physical safety of those who return at very real risk. Widespread destruction of housing means that many IDPs will be unable to return to their former homes, while damaged infrastructure and curtailed services undermine people’s ability to fulfil their basic rights. Loss of documentation during displacement further limits Syrians’ ability to access necessary services.
In order to facilitate progress towards durable solutions for displaced populations in Syria, this review identifies lessons learned from other complex crises to inform future programming. The literature review examined pathways towards durable solutions for IDPs in Iraq, Colombia, Sri Lanka, Bosnia, and Kosovo to draw relevant parallels and lessons learned for Syria, with recommendations for operational actors working with displacement-affected communities.
http://www.internal-displacement.org/assets/publications/2018/20180411-IDMC-syria-desk-review-report-1.pdf (pdf 0.5 MB)
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