Kidnapped, Trafficked, Detained? The Implications of Non-state Actor Involvement in Immigration Detention
By Michael Flynn (Global Detention Project)
Journal on Migration and Human Security, July 2017
Proposals to shape migration management policies recognize the need to involve a range of actors to implement humane and effective strategies. However, when observed through the lens of immigration detention, some migration policy trends raise challenging questions, particularly related to the involvement of non-state actors in migration control. This article critically assesses a range of new actors who have become involved in the deprivation of liberty of migrants and asylum seekers, describes the various forces that appear to be driving their engagement in immigration enforcement, and makes a series of recommendations concerning the role of non-state actors and detention in global efforts to manage international migration. These recommendations include ending the use the detention in international migration management schemes; limiting the involvement of private companies in immigration control measures; insisting that the International Organization for Migration (IOM) actively endorse the centrality of human rights in the Global Compact for Migration and amend its constitution so that it makes a clear commitment to international human rights standards; and encouraging nongovernmental organizations to carefully assess the services they provide when operating in detention situations to ensure that their work contributes to harm reduction.
Download the article here: http://jmhs.cmsny.org/index.php/jmhs/article/view/100
‘Why offshore processing of refugees bound for Europe is such a bad idea’
I am pleased to share with you my latest piece in The Conversation, on the EU proposal to offshore asylum processing to key transit African countries: https://theconversation.com/why-offshore-processing-of-refugees-bound-for-europe-is-such-a-bad-idea-81695
Hope you enjoy the article, and I would welcome any feedback!
Assistant Professor, School of Law
Head of Forced Migration Unit
Human Rights Law Centre
University of Nottingham
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REACH/UNICEF report: New Children on the Move in Italy and Greece
Please note that a new REACH/UNICEF report has been published on Children on the Move in Italy and Greece. It is based on 850 interviews with unaccompanied and separated children in the two main gateways to Europe, exploring profiles, drivers and lives of children on the move to Europe in 2016 and 2017.
Over 100,000 refugee and migrant children, of whom more than 33,800 unaccompanied and separated children (34 per cent), arrived in Europe in 2016, entering through the two main gateways to the continent, Italy and Greece. While increasing attention has been devoted to children in the governmental and humanitarian response to refugees and migrants in both countries, information on children's profiles, child-specific drivers of migration and children's lives once in Europe remain limited.
In order to fill this information gap, REACH, in partnership with UNICEF, has conducted an assessment on the profiles and experiences of children who arrived in Italy and Greece in 2016 and 2017, why they left home, the risks children encountered on their journey and their life once in Europe.
Analysis is based on primary and secondary data collection carried out between December 2016 and May 2017 in Italy and Greece. In total, 850 children took part in the study, including 720 unaccompanied and separated children interviewed in Italy.
You can access the report here: Children on the Move in Italy and Greece Report: http://www.reachresourcecentre.info/system/files/resource-documents/reach_ita_grc_report_children_on_the_move_in_italy_and_greece_june_2017.pdf
All REACH research on children on the move in Italy can be found here: http://www.reachresourcecentre.info/countries/italy
All REACH research on children on the move in Greece can be found here: http://www.reachresourcecentre.info/countries/greece
Please feel free to circulate further in your networks and contact me for further information.
With thanks and best,
New RLI blog posts
The Refugee Law Initiative has recently published two new pieces on our RLI blog (www.rli.blogs.sas.ac.uk) that may be of interest.
The first, “Reframing Non-Refoulement as an Individual Right under International Law?” is written by RLI Research Affiliate Jenny Poon (University of Western Ontario), and discusses whether a different understanding of the principle of non-refoulement could reduce the protection gap for vulnerable individuals. https://rli.blogs.sas.ac.uk/2017/07/18/reframing-non-refoulement-as-an-individual-right-under-international-law/
The second piece, entitled “The ‘Migration Crisis’ in Europe: A Geohistorical Interpretation”, is by Professor Etienne Piguet (University of Neuchâtel). Professor Piguet uses the insights and connectivity of Geohistory to question common explanations of the EU ‘migration crisis’. https://rli.blogs.sas.ac.uk/2017/08/01/the-migration-crisis-in-europe-a-geohistorical-interpretation/
The RLI blog is a platform to publish content from our networks and students in a conversational and informal setting. We welcome comments and contributions to the blog - see here for guidelines https://rli.blogs.sas.ac.uk/contribute/
Academic Support Officer
Refugee Law Initiative
School of Advanced Study | University of London | Malet Street, London WC1E 7HU, UK
Note: The material contained in this communication comes to you from the Forced Migration Discussion List which is moderated by the Refugee Studies Centre (RSC), Oxford Department of International Development, University of Oxford. It does not necessarily reflect the views of the RSC or the University. If you re-print, copy, archive or re-post this message please retain this disclaimer. Quotations or extracts should include attribution to the original sources.
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