There is a fine section that examines this in Sean McGrail's book: McGrail, S. 1998 Ancient Boats in NW Europe: The archaeology of water transport to A.D. 1500. London: Longman.
It depends what period you are wishing to look at. Through my own research I have examined details on this for the Early Medieval North Sea. Martin Carver covered some of the issues regarding oarsmen vs. sailing in this period in his 1990 article on sailing times from Sutton Hoo.
I have touched upon this in a forthcoming chapter in the Turner and Petts edited volume on Northumbria, which is then developed in my P.hD research. I'd be happy to discuss this further if you pop me an e-mail.
DPhil Candidate, Archaeology
Institute of Archaeology, University of Oxford.
36 Beaumont Street, Oxford
[log in to unmask]
From: British archaeology discussion list [mailto:[log in to unmask]] On Behalf Of antony adshead
Sent: 27 October 2009 12:42
To: [log in to unmask]
Subject: Re: [BRITARCH] Speed of Ancient Ships against the wind
> If you ask me the current is a far more important factor.>>>>>>>>> Which is likely to range from 0 to 2 or 3
knots typically in most tidal areas (and there's even up to 1 knot of current flowing around various parts of the
Possibly more important still is the number of oarsmen. Rowing will allow a vessel to deal well with an adverse
wind or tide
UK bureau chief, storage
+44 (0)7779 038528
Quoting Guillermo-Sven Reher Díez <[log in to unmask]>:
> If you ask me the current is a far more important factor.
> I believe the factors to be considered would be:
> -mass of the ship
> -current direction
> -current speed
> -wind direction
> -wind speed
> -type of sail
> -whether it's really worth getting there after all in these conditions (e.g.
> > Date: Tue, 27 Oct 2009 08:24:57 +0000
> > From: [log in to unmask]
> > Subject: Re: [BRITARCH] Speed of Ancient Ships against the wind
> > To: [log in to unmask]
> > A modern racing yacht can sail at about 35-40 degrees off the wind (ie
> 35-40 degrees either side of dead ahead).
> > Boats with square sails such as viking craft can achieve nowhere near this.
> The introduction of the lateen sail
> > (ie, a triangle, like that of most modern yachts) from the east (within the
> last millennium???) allowed craft to
> > get closer to the wind.
> > That´s my quick 5p-worth. Someone with more knowledge/time will be along,
> I´m sure
> > --
> > Antony Adshead
> > Quoting David Potts <[log in to unmask]>:
> > > Hi
> > >
> > > As part of a research project, I attempting to deterimne the sailing
> > > speed of ancient shipping.
> > > I seen Cassons 1951 research on 'Speed under sail of ancient ships,
> > > this subject is addressed.
> > >
> > > Casson tacks the issue of an unfavorable wind, but he does not cover the
> > > direction that wind is comming from. A wind this is blowing 80 degress
> > > against you must be larger problem than a wind that is only blowing at
> > > degress.
> > >
> > > Has anybody seen anything else on this subject?
> > >
> > > D.
> > >
> > -------------------------------------------------
> > Visit Pipex Business: The homepage for UK Small Businesses
> > Go to http://www.pipex.co.uk/business-services
> Infórmate, mantente en contacto y encuéntralo todo, a la vez. Con la nueva
> Toolbar de MSN nunca has tenido tantas ventajas en tan poco espacio.
Visit Pipex Business: The homepage for UK Small Businesses
Go to http://www.pipex.co.uk/business-services