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Subject:

DATABASES: MEDICAL HEALTH BIOSCIENCES BIOLOGY PSYCHOLOGY : DATABASE: THESAURUSES: The Updated MESH: Thesaurus for Subject Headings Used to Index Publication Sources Provided in PubMed and Medline, The National Library of Medicine Database of Peer Reviewed Medical Journal Article Citations and Abstracts

From:

"David P. Dillard" <[log in to unmask]>

Reply-To:

To support research in sports medicine <[log in to unmask]>

Date:

Wed, 16 Feb 2011 07:09:45 -0500

Content-Type:

TEXT/PLAIN

Parts/Attachments:

Parts/Attachments

TEXT/PLAIN (749 lines)

.


DATABASES: MEDICAL HEALTH BIOSCIENCES BIOLOGY PSYCHOLOGY :
DATABASE: THESAURUSES:
The Updated MESH: Thesaurus for Subject Headings
Used to Index Publication Sources Provided in PubMed and Medline,
The National Library of Medicine Database of Peer Reviewed
Medical Journal Article Citations and Abstracts




The Updated MESH: Thesaurus for Subject Headings
Used to Index Publication Sources Provided in PubMed and Medline,
The National Library of Medicine Database of Peer Reviewed
Medical Journal Article Citations and Abstracts
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/mesh



Content Samples of Using Mesh


Search:  wellness

Result:

Results: 3

1.Health

The state of the organism when it functions optimally without evidence of 
disease.



2.Fitness Centers

Facilities having programs intended to promote and maintain a state of 
physical well-being for optimal performance and health.

Year introduced: 1999



3.Health Promotion

Encouraging consumer behaviors most likely to optimize health potentials 
(physical and psychosocial) through health information, preventive 
programs, and access to medical care.

Year introduced: 1980




Search: Prognosis


Result:

Prognosis
A prediction of the probable outcome of a disease based on a individual's 
condition and the usual course of the disease as seen in similar 
situations.

PubMed search builder options

Subheadings:

history
instrumentation
methods
statistics and numerical data
veterinary
Restrict to MeSH Major Topic.

Do not include MeSH terms found below this term in the MeSH hierarchy.

Entry Terms:

Prognoses

All MeSH Categories

Analytical, Diagnostic and Therapeutic Techniques and Equipment Category
Diagnosis
Prognosis
Disease-Free Survival
Medical Futility
Nomograms
Pregnancy Outcome
Treatment Outcome
Treatment Failure



Search: Coronary

Result:


Results: 1 to 20 of 26

1.Heart

The hollow, muscular organ that maintains the circulation of the blood.



2.Coronary Artery Disease

Pathological processes of CORONARY ARTERIES that may derive from a 
congenital abnormality, atherosclerotic, or non-atherosclerotic cause.

Year introduced: 2008 (1987)



3.Angioplasty, Balloon, Coronary

Dilation of an occluded coronary artery (or arteries) by means of a 
balloon catheter to restore myocardial blood supply.

Year introduced: 2011(1990)



4.Coronary Stenosis

Narrowing or constriction of a coronary artery.

Year introduced: 2002



5.Atherectomy, Coronary

Percutaneous transluminal procedure for removing atheromatous plaque from 
the coronary arteries. Both directional (for removing focal atheromas) and 
rotational (for removing concentric atheromatous plaque) atherectomy 
devices have been used.

Year introduced: 1993



6.Coronary Vasospasm

Spasm of the large- or medium-sized coronary arteries.

Year introduced: 1982



7.Coronary Disease

An imbalance between myocardial functional requirements and the capacity 
of the CORONARY VESSELS to supply sufficient blood flow. It is a form of 
MYOCARDIAL ISCHEMIA (insufficient blood supply to the heart muscle) caused 
by a decreased capacity of the coronary vessels.



8.Coronary Artery Bypass

Surgical therapy of ischemic coronary artery disease achieved by grafting 
a section of saphenous vein, internal mammary artery, or other substitute 
between the aorta and the obstructed coronary artery distal to the 
obstructive lesion.

Year introduced: 1990



9.Coronary Vessels

The veins and arteries of the HEART.



10.Acute Coronary Syndrome

An episode of MYOCARDIAL ISCHEMIA that generally lasts longer than a 
transient anginal episode that ultimately may lead to MYOCARDIAL 
INFARCTION.

Year introduced: 2008



11.Coronary Artery Bypass, Off-Pump

Coronary artery bypass surgery on a beating HEART without a 
CARDIOPULMONARY BYPASS (diverting the flow of blood from the heart and 
lungs through an oxygenator).

Year introduced: 2005



12.Internal Mammary-Coronary Artery Anastomosis

Direct myocardial revascularization in which the internal mammary artery 
is anastomosed to the right coronary artery, circumflex artery, or 
anterior descending coronary artery. The internal mammary artery is the 
most frequent choice, especially for a single graft, for coronary artery 
bypass surgery.

Year introduced: 1988(1975)



13.Coronary Care Units

The hospital unit in which patients with acute cardiac disorders receive 
intensive care.

Year introduced: 1972(1970)



14.Coronary-Subclavian Steal Syndrome

A complication of INTERNAL MAMMARY-CORONARY ARTERY ANASTOMOSIS whereby an 
occlusion or stenosis of the proximal SUBCLAVIAN ARTERY causes a reversal 
of the blood flow away from the CORONARY CIRCULATION, through the grafted 
INTERNAL MAMMARY ARTERY (internal thoracic artery), and back to the distal 
subclavian distribution.

Year introduced: 2011



15.Coronary Occlusion

Complete blockage of blood flow through one of the CORONARY ARTERIES, 
usually from CORONARY ATHEROSCLEROSIS.

Year introduced: 2008



16.Coronary Restenosis

Recurrent narrowing or constriction of a coronary artery following 
surgical procedures performed to alleviate a prior obstruction.

Year introduced: 2002



17.Coronary Angiography

Radiography of the vascular system of the heart muscle after injection of 
a contrast medium.

Year introduced: 1992



18.Coronary Vessel Anomalies

Malformations of CORONARY VESSELS, either arteries or veins. Included are 
anomalous origins of coronary arteries; ARTERIOVENOUS FISTULA; CORONARY 
ANEURYSM; MYOCARDIAL BRIDGING; and others.



19.Coronary Thrombosis

Coagulation of blood in any of the CORONARY VESSELS. The presence of a 
blood clot (THROMBUS) often leads to MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION.

Year introduced: 1991(1987)



20.Coronary Aneurysm

Abnormal balloon- or sac-like dilatation in the wall of CORONARY VESSELS. 
Most coronary aneurysms are due to CORONARY ATHEROSCLEROSIS, and the rest 
are due to inflammatory diseases, such as KAWASAKI DISEASE.

Year introduced: 1987


Results: 21 to 26 of 26

21.Coronary Sinus

A short vein that collects about two thirds of the venous blood from the 
MYOCARDIUM and drains into the RIGHT ATRIUM. Coronary sinus, normally 
located between the LEFT ATRIUM and LEFT VENTRICLE on the posterior 
surface of the heart, can serve as an anatomical reference for cardiac 
procedures.

Year introduced: 2008



22.Coronary Circulation

The circulation of blood through the CORONARY VESSELS of the HEART.

Year introduced: 1972



23.Type A Personality

Established behavior pattern characterized by excessive drive and 
ambition, impatience, competitiveness, sense of time urgency, and poorly 
contained aggression.

Year introduced: 1985



24.Myocardial Reperfusion

Generally, restoration of blood supply to heart tissue which is ischemic 
due to decrease in normal blood supply. The decrease may result from any 
source including atherosclerotic obstruction, narrowing of the artery, or 
surgical clamping. Reperfusion can be induced to treat ischemia. Methods 
include chemical dissolution of an occluding thrombus, administration of 
vasodilator drugs, angioplasty, catheterization, and artery bypass graft 
surgery. However, it is thought that reperfusion can itself further damage 
the ischemic tissue, causing MYOCARDIAL REPERFUSION INJURY.

Year introduced: 1989



25.Styrax pill (coronary disease) [Supplementary Concept]

from Styrax liquidus and Borneolum; for therapy of angina pectoris

Date introduced: December 2, 1980



26.Microvascular Angina

ANGINA PECTORIS or angina-like chest pain with a normal coronary 
arteriogram and positive EXERCISE TEST. The cause of the syndrome is 
unknown. While its recognition is of clinical importance, its prognosis is 
excellent. (Braunwald, Heart Disease, 4th ed, p1346; Jablonski Dictionary 
of Syndromes & Eponymic Diseases, 2d ed). It is different from METABOLIC 
SYNDROME X, a syndrome characterized by INSULIN RESISTANCE and 
HYPERINSULINEMIA, that has increased risk for cardiovascular disease.

Year introduced: 2005(1994)




================================



Searching by using the MeSH Database
From PubMed Help
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK3827/ 
#pubmedhelp.Searching_by_using_t



A shorter URL for the above link:



http://tinyurl.com/4nm47az




MeSH (Medical Subject Headings) is the NLM controlled vocabulary thesaurus 
used for indexing PubMed citations.

Use the MeSH database to find MeSH terms, including Subheadings, 
Publication Types, Supplementary Concepts and Pharmacological Actions, and 
then build a PubMed search. The MeSH database can be searched by MeSH 
term, MeSH Entry Term, Subheading, Publication Type, Supplementary 
Concept, or MeSH Scope Note.

More information about the MeSH database:

An autocomplete feature is available from the search box.

Search results are displayed in relevance-ranked order, therefore, when a 
users search exactly matches a MeSH Term, that Term is displayed first.

Click the MeSH term from the Summary display or choose Full from the 
Display Settings menu to view additional information and search 
specifications, such as Subheadings, restrict to Major MeSH Topic, or 
exclude terms below the term in the MeSH hierarchy.

Year Introduced is the year the term was added to MeSH. If more than one 
year is shown, the term was available for indexing back to the earliest 
year noted. Articles are indexed using the vocabulary in place at the time 
of indexing, therefore, the year introduced for a term and the date of 
publication of a citation indexed with that term may not agree.

Launching PubMed searches from MeSH

To build a PubMed search from MeSH, run a search, select terms using the 
check boxes, and then click "Add to search builder" in the PubMed search 
builder portlet. You may continue searching and including additional terms 
to the PubMed search builder using the Add to search builder and Boolean 
pull-down menu. When you are finished, click Search PubMed.







PubMed Tutorials
Understanding the Vocabulary 
http://www.nlm.nih.gov/bsd/disted/pubmedtutorial/015_010.html


MEDLINE uses a controlled vocabulary, meaning that there is a specific set 
of terms used to describe each article. Familiarity with this vocabulary 
will make you a better PubMed searcher.

The Medical Subject Headings (MeSH)
MeSH is the acronym for "Medical Subject Headings." MeSH is the authority 
list of the vocabulary terms used for subject analysis of biomedical 
literature at NLM. MeSH vocabulary is used for indexing journal articles 
for MEDLINE and is also used for cataloging books and audiovisuals.

The MeSH controlled vocabulary is a distinctive feature of MEDLINE. It 
imposes uniformity and consistency to the indexing of biomedical 
literature. MeSH terms are arranged in a hierarchical categorized manner 
called MeSH Tree Structures and are updated annually.


Examples of MESH Headings


Body Weight
Dental Cavity Preparation
Radioactive Waste
Kidney
Self Medication
Brain Edema



Branching Out: the MeSH Vocabulary
Video
http://www.nlm.nih.gov/bsd/disted/video/



The MeSH Tree Structure

MeSH vocabulary is organized by 16 main branches:

A.Anatomy
B.Organisms
C.Diseases
D.Chemical and Drugs
E.Analytical, Diagnostic and Therapeutic Techniques and Equipment
F.Psychiatry and Psychology
G.Biological Sciences
H.Natural Sciences
I.Anthropology, Education, Sociology and Social Phenomena
J.Technology, Industry, Agriculture
K.Humanities
L.Information Science
M.Named Groups
N.Health Care
Publication Characteristics
Geographic Locations

This example displays part of the hierarchy that includes the term, Face. 
Notice the narrower terms indented under the broader terms.

When PubMed searches a MeSH term, it will automatically include narrower 
terms in the search, if applicable. This is also called "automatic 
explosion."

Some terms occur in more than one place in the hierarchy. For example, 
"Eye" appears under the Anatomy branch, but also under the Sense Organs 
branch. Automatic explosion will include narrower terms from all instances 
of the term in the hierarchy.



Indexing with MeSH Vocabulary



NLM indexers examine articles and assign the most specific MeSH heading(s) 
that appropriately describes the concept(s) discussed.



The indexer will assign as many MeSH headings as appropriate to cover the 
topics of the article (generally 5 to 15). When there is no specific 
heading for a concept, the indexer will use the closest, general heading 
available. Indexers can also assign Subheadings to further describe a 
particular aspect of a MeSH concept.



Examples of Subheadings are: diagnosis, surgery, metabolism, pathology.
In addition to assigning MeSH terms that describe the topic of the 
article, the indexer provides terms that reflect:


characteristics of the group being studied (e.g., the age group, human or 
other animal, male or female) the material represented (Publication Types) 
e.g., Clinical Trials, Editorial, Review The MeSH terms that reflect the 
major points of the article are marked with an asterisk (*).



Example:

Article Title:


Hormone therapy in perimenopausal and postmenopausal women: examining the 
evidence on cardiovascular disease risks.


Abstract:


Women may live for 30 years or longer after menopause with cardiovascular 
disease as their highest mortality risk. Menopause may correspond to 
health alterations for women, yet the use of estrogen during and after 
this transition has been controversial for the past four decades. The 
evidence from recent scientific studies does not support the use of 
hormone therapy for the prevention or treatment of cardiovascular disease, 
which has resulted in its removal from national guideline recommendations. 
However, because of concerns related to specific aspects of the research, 
there are gaps in the evidence. Studies are under way to evaluate 
alternate methods for hormone delivery, low-dose hormone therapy, and 
selective estrogen receptor modulators (SERMs) in reducing cardiovascular 
risks in perimenopausal and postmenopausal women. Implications for 
clinical nursing practice include education as well as assessment and 
counseling related to individual risk factors.

Publication Types:


Review


Mesh Terms:


Aged
Cardiovascular Diseases/chemically induced*
Estrogen Replacement Therapy/adverse effects*
Evidence-Based Medicine
Female
Humans
Middle Aged
Perimenopause*
Postmenopause*
Risk Factors




Pharmacologic Action Terms

Every drug and chemical MeSH heading has been assigned one or more 
headings that describe known pharmacological actions (PA).

Since 1996, NLM indexers add the appropriate pharmacological action MeSH 
heading as well as the specific chemical MeSH heading to a citation when 
the action of the chemical is discussed in the article.
Example:

The pharmacological actions established for the MeSH Heading, Aspirin:

Pharmacological Action
Pharmacological Action
Pharmacological Action
Pharmacological Action
  Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal
Cyclooxygenase Inhibitors
Fibrinolytic Agents
Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors


A citation to an article that discusses aspirin used as an 
anti-inflammatory agent will be assigned:

Aspirin
Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal

A citation to an article that discusses aspirin used to inhibit blood 
clotting will be assigned:

Aspirin
Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors



In a later section of this tutorial, you will learn how to use PubMed's 
MeSH Database to find MeSH terms for searching.


For more information about MeSH, see the Basics of MeSH web site.
http://www.nlm.nih.gov/bsd/disted/mesh/



Searching PubMed with MESH
http://nnlm.gov/training/resources/meshtri.pdf


Covered Topics


Major Topic Headings

Subheadings

Advanced Searches with Field Tags

Assistance and Training
Help and Tutorials links are in PubMed and the MeSH database. Find 
additional information in the MeSH Browser at:
http://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/

MeSH Features

Search PubMed with the MeSH Database

Refine a Search

Combine MeSH Terms

The MeSH Hierarchy

Use Links

Search PubMed for one specific MeSH term. Only the main heading will be 
used.

. PubMed: search PubMed with the selected term

. PubMed  Major Topic: search PubMed with the MeSH term, retrieving 
citations where the term is a major focus of the article

. Clinical Queries: put the MeSH term into the Clinical Queries search box 
where the search may be further refined

. NLM MeSH Browser: show the MeSH browser Descriptor Data for this term 
including Scope Note and Allowable Qualifiers






Sincerely,
David Dillard
Temple University
(215) 204 - 4584
[log in to unmask]
http://daviddillard.businesscard2.com

Net-Gold
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/net-gold
http://listserv.temple.edu/archives/net-gold.html
Index: http://tinyurl.com/myxb4w
http://groups.google.com/group/net-gold?hl=en


General Internet & Print Resources
http://guides.temple.edu/general-internet
COUNTRIES
http://guides.temple.edu/general-country-info
EMPLOYMENT
http://guides.temple.edu/EMPLOYMENT
TOURISM
http://guides.temple.edu/tourism
DISABILITIES
http://guides.temple.edu/DISABILITIES
INDOOR GARDENING
http://tech.groups.yahoo.com/group/IndoorGardeningUrban/
Educator-Gold
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/Educator-Gold/
K12ADMINLIFE
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/K12AdminLIFE/
The Russell Conwell Learning Center Research Guide:
THE COLLEGE LEARNING CENTER
http://tinyurl.com/yae7w79

Nina Dillard's Photographs on Net-Gold
http://tinyurl.com/36qd2o
and also http://gallery.me.com/neemers1
http://www.flickr.com/photos/neemers/
Twitter: davidpdillard


Bushell, R. & Sheldon, P. (eds),
Wellness and Tourism: Mind, Body, Spirit,
Place, New York: Cognizant Communication Books.
Wellness Tourism: Bibliographic and Webliographic Essay
David P. Dillard
http://tinyurl.com/p63whl
http://tinyurl.com/ou53aw


INDOOR GARDENING
Improve Your Chances for Indoor Gardening Success
http://tech.groups.yahoo.com/group/IndoorGardeningUrban/
http://groups.google.com/group/indoor-gardening-and-urban-gardening


SPORT-MED
https://www.jiscmail.ac.uk/lists/sport-med.html
http://groups.google.com/group/sport-med
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/sports-med/
http://listserv.temple.edu/archives/sport-med.html


HEALTH DIET FITNESS RECREATION SPORTS TOURISM
http://health.groups.yahoo.com/group/healthrecsport/
http://groups.google.com/group/healthrecsport
http://healthrecsport.jiglu.com/
http://listserv.temple.edu/archives/health-recreation-sports-tourism.html





Please Ignore All Links to JIGLU
in search results for Net-Gold and related lists.
The Net-Gold relationship with JIGLU has
been terminated by JIGLU and these are dead links.
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/Net-Gold/message/30664
http://health.groups.yahoo.com/group/healthrecsport/message/145


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