Please join the Global Migration Lab the the Munk School of Global Affairs and Public Policy, University of Toronto, for our speaker series examining contemporary issues and challenges in global migration governance. The series is presented in collaboration with Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada in the lead up to the 2019 International Metropolis Conference ( https://www.internationalmetropolis2019.ca/en/index.html ), and to provide evidence-based discussion around migration issues in the lead up to Canada's 2019 federal election.
Feb 6 2:00-3:30 pm
“Mediterranean Mobility Beyond Europe: The Role of Transit States and International Organizations” with Kelsey P. Norman, Hiba Sha’ath, and Craig Damian Smith.
Feb 13 2:30-4:00 pm
“The Arc of Protection: Toward a New International Refugee Regime” with Alex Aleinikoff, Audrey Macklin, and Randall Hansen
Feb 28 3:00-4:30
“The Refugee and Migration Compacts: Cooperation in an Era of Nationalism” with James Milner, Anne Balk Staver, and Jennifer Hyndman
Events throughout March and April will address:
-how religious groups shape Canada’s immigration policy;
-sanctuary policies in Canada and the US in the era of Trump;
-the ethics of Canada’s temporary foreign worker programme;
-legal challenges to the US / Canada Safe Third Country Agreement;
-why liberal states use and promote militarized border controls; and
-Canada’s response to the migration crisis in South and Central America.
Register here: https://munkschool.utoronto.ca/ceres/events/
6 Feb, 2:00-3:30pm
208N, 1 Devonshire Place
MEDITERRANEAN MOBILITY BEYOND EUROPE: THE ROLE OF TRANSIT STATES AND INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS
Kelsey P. Norman: “Strategic Indifference: Understanding Responses to Migrant and Refugee Settlement in Mediterranean Host Countries”
Hiba Sha’ath: “At Cross Purposes: A Field-Based Perspective on IOM’s Framing(s) of Migration in Libya”
Comments by Craig Damian Smith
The Central Mediterranean has been the site of mass irregular migration for over a decade. Overloaded boats full of desperate people have come to dominate media and popular imagery. Growing attention to the often-dire conditions of migrants in Sahel and North African transit states provides an important check on European claims that “breaking” smuggling rings and criminalizing humanitarian NGOs can co-exist with the promise of development aid and protecting the rights of migrants. Indeed, it is now clear that Europe’s externalized migration controls have dire consequences for migrants, help support autocratic governments, and undermine international protection norms.
However, the focus on Europe’s policy challenges and its ability to “externalize” controls ignores the interests, choices, and domestic politics in African transit and destination states. Likewise, International Organizations are characterized as passive vehicles of European policies, obscuring their significant interests and internal politics. This panel will unpack the policies and interests of Mediterranean transit and receiving states, explore how International Organizations mediate between their own and diverse state interests, and ask how these dynamics affect irregular migration in the region.
Kelsey Norman is a SSHRC postdoctoral fellow in the Department of Political Science and the Institute for European Studies at the University of British Columbia in Vancouver, Canada and an instructor at the Josef Korbel School of International Studies at the University of Denver. She has conducted several years of field research throughout North Africa.
Hiba Sha’ath is a second year PhD student in Human Geography at York University. Prior to joining York, she worked on data analysis, research coordination and reporting with IOM Libya’s Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) program from 2016 to 2017, and with IOM’s regional office for West and Central Africa in spring and summer of 2018.
13 Feb, 2:30-4pm
Boardroom, 315 Bloor West
THE ARC OF PROTECTION: TOWARD A NEW INTERNATIONAL REFUGEE REGIME
Alex Aleinikoff in conversation with Audrey Macklin and Randall Hansen
The international refugee regime is broken. Too many people remain refugees for too long, as states in the Global North have cut resettlement programs and adopted policies to deter asylum-seekers while conflicts causing flight go unresolved. To repair and reform the current system, The Arc of Protection (co-authored by T. Alexander Aleinikoff and Leah Zamore) suggests a new focus on refugee rights, autonomy, and mobility and attention to the role that development actors can play in responding to refugee situations. Serious changes are needed at the level of structures and institutions, especially when it comes to global responsibility-sharing. These changes are unlikely to be made by states, who have watched over the decline of the refugee protection system. Reform will require new actors and ultimately political action.
Alex Aleinikoff is University Professor, and has served as Director of the Zolberg Institute on Migration and Mobility at the New School since January 2017. He received a J.D. from the Yale Law School and a B.A. from Swarthmore College.
Alex has written widely in the areas of immigration and refugee law and policy, transnational law, citizenship, race, and constitutional law. In addition to The Arc of Protection, he is the author of Semblances of Sovereignty: The Constitution, the State, and American Citizenship, published by Harvard University Press in 2002. Alex is also a co-author of leading legal casebooks on immigration law and forced migration and host of the podcast, Tempest Tossed (on US immigration policy).
28 Feb, 3:00-4:30
Boardroom, 315 Bloor West
THE REFUGEE AND MIGRATION COMPACTS: COOPERATION IN AN ERA OF NATIONALISM
Anne Staver: "Of two minds: reasserting national control while negotiating global migration governance"
James Milner: "Collective action in a time of populism: Everyday politics and the implementation of the Global Compact on Refugees"
Discussant: Jennifer Hyndman, Director of the Centre for Refugees Studies, York University
Moderated by: Randall Hansen
Signed in December 2018, the Global Refugee and Global Migration Compacts are an admission that the challenges of migration are best approached through cooperation and collective action.
The Compact on Refugees recognizes the unequal burden placed on Global South states, which host refugees, and rich Global North states, which pay to keep them in regions of origin. Recognizing that most refugees will not return home or be resettled, the Compact proposes new solidarity, development, and finance mechanisms to foster the inclusion and development of displaced people and host populations alike. While promising, displacement crises continue to proliferate, host states remain under-funded, and programming faces major delivery challenges.
In terms of the Migration Compact, scholars have long argued that state interests are largely incompatible with attempts at global migration governance. Yet, in 2016 the International Organization for Migration became a UN agency, and the vast majority of states supported the Compact with a goal of facilitating safe, orderly, and legal migration. At the same time, right-wing parties in liberal democracies rallied against the Compact, arguing it would erode state sovereignty, and several prominent states "pulled out".
This panel will unpack the potential for global migration governance, responsibility-sharing, and addressing collective action problems in the face of burden-shifting, populism, and a growing desire to assert control.
James Milner is an Associate Professor of Political Science at Carleton University. He is also currently Project Director of LERRN: The Local Engagement Refugee Research Network, a 7-year, SSHRC-funded partnership between researchers and civil society actors primarily in Canada, Jordan, Kenya, Lebanon and Tanzania. He has been a researcher, practitioner and policy advisor on issues relating to the global refugee regime, global refugee policy and the politics of asylum in the global South. In recent years, he has undertaken field research in Burundi, Guinea, Kenya, India, Tanzania and Thailand, and has presented research findings to stakeholders in New York, Geneva, London, Ottawa, Bangkok, Nairobi, Dar es Salaam and elsewhere. He has worked as a Consultant for the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) in India, Cameroon, Guinea and its Geneva Headquarters. He is author of Refugees, the State and the Politics of Asylum in Africa (Palgrave Macmillan, 2009), co-author (with Alexander Betts and Gil Loescher) of UNHCR: The Politics and Practice of Refugee Protection (Routledge, 2012), and co-editor of Protracted Refugee Situations: Political, Human Rights and Security Implications (UN University Press, 2008).
Anne Balke Staver is a senior researcher at the Oslo Metropolitan University, focusing on migration and integration policies. She holds a PhD in Political Science from the University of Toronto and an MSc in Forced Migration from the University of Oxford. She is formerly a research fellow at the Institute for Social Research (Oslo), and has extensive experience from migration policymaking and implementation in the Norwegian Directorate of Immigration, Norwegian Police Immigration Service and the Secretariat of the Intergovernmental Consultations on Migration, Asylum and Refugees (igc).
Craig Damian Smith, PhD
Global Migration Lab
Munk School of Global Affairs & Public Policy | University of Toronto
Observatory Site | 315 Bloor Street West
Toronto, ON M5S 0A7
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