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BRITARCH-NEWS  January 2007

BRITARCH-NEWS January 2007

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Subject:

Antonine Wall: WHS nomination

From:

Seren Langley <[log in to unmask]>

Reply-To:

Seren Langley <[log in to unmask]>

Date:

Tue, 30 Jan 2007 14:33:34 -0000

Content-Type:

text/plain

Parts/Attachments:

Parts/Attachments

text/plain (152 lines)

ANTONINE WALL - FURTHEST BOUNDARY OF THE ROMAN EMPIRE - IS TO BE UK'S
NEXT NOMINATION FOR WORLD HERITAGE SITE

The Antonine Wall, connecting the Forth and the Clyde in Scotland, and
built in the 2nd Century as the furthest north west boundary of the
Roman Empire, has been put forward by Culture Secretary Tessa Jowell as
the UK's latest nomination for World Heritage Site status.

If successful, the Wall will join The Tower of London, Canterbury
Cathedral, The Palace of Westminster and the other 24 UK World Heritage
Sites.  UNESCO, who are responsible for the scheme, will now examine the
proposal and make a final decision next year.

The proposed site is being nominated as an extension to the
trans-national Frontiers of the Roman Empire World Heritage Site which
includes Hadrian's Wall and the Upper German Raetian Limes, which was
designated in 2005.

 Tessa Jowell said:

"The Antonine Wall is one of the UK's most important Roman monuments and
a fascinating part of our European heritage.  It is this international
dimension that is most exciting to me.  I hope that it will one day
encompass remains of the Roman frontiers not only here and in Germany,
but also around the rest of Europe, the Mediterranean region of North
Africa and the Middle East".


Patricia Ferguson MSP, Minister for Tourism, Culture and Sport said: 
"The Antonine Wall is significant not only as a visible reminder of one
of the most powerful states that the world has ever seen, but also as
part of a great network of frontiers which the Roman Empire constructed
in order to protect itself.
"In Scotland we are fortunate enough to have such tangible links to the
country's fascinating history that we are all able to enjoy. It would be
a great honour for the Antonine Wall to be recognised as part of the
Frontiers of the Roman Empire World Heritage Site."


Notes to Editors

1.	For more information on the Antonine Wall please go to
http://www.roman-britain.org/frontiers/antonine.htm  

Geographical co-ordinates to the nearest second

The east end of the Antonine Wall lies at National Grid Reference NT 032
807 at a latitude of 56 degrees 00 seconds north and a longitude of 3
degrees 32 seconds west.

The west end of the Antonine Wall lies at National Grid Reference NS 458
730 at a latitude of 55 degrees and 55 seconds north and a longitude of
4 degrees 28 seconds west 

Textual description of the boundaries of the nominated Property

The proposed Site extends for a distance of 60 km from the eastern end
of the Antonine Wall at the modern town of Bo'ness on the Firth of Forth
to Old Kilpatrick on the River Clyde. 

The proposed Site includes all the linear elements of the frontier, that
is the rampart, ditch and outer mound, and the Military Way where its
location is recorded, together with the forts, fortlets, expansions and
small enclosures together with civil settlements where known and the
temporary camps along the Wall used by the soldiers building the
frontier.

The World Heritage Site has been defined in the following way. Along the
line of the Wall the southern boundary of the World Heritage Site has
been placed 5 m to the south of the rampart and then projected 50 m to
the north of this line creating a corridor 50 m wide. This corridor
includes the three main linear features together with other elements
that are likely to lie immediately beyond the known archaeology.  The
corridor is widened where necessary to include forts, fortlets, the
Military Way and other elements of the frontier which are attached to
the linear barrier. Camps, usually placed at some distance from the
Wall, are defined separately. The corridor is also widened to
incorporate within the proposed World Heritage Site areas protected
through scheduling under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas
Act 1979. In such circumstances the proposed Site extends to the whole
size of the scheduled area except where that area relates to a monument
of a different period. 

2.	The concept of World Heritage Sites is at the core of the World
Heritage Convention, adopted by UNESCO in 1972, to which 183 nations
belong. Through the Convention, UNESCO seeks to encourage the
identification, protection and preservation of the cultural and natural
heritage around the world considered to be of outstanding value to
humanity. The Convention required the establishment of the World
Heritage List, under the management of an inter-governmental World
Heritage Committee as a means of recognising that some places, both
natural and cultural, are of sufficient importance to be the
responsibility of the international community as a whole. As a member of
the Convention, States Parties are pledged to care for their World
Heritage sites as part of protecting their national heritage.

3.	Nominations for inscription on the World Heritage List are made
by the appropriate States Parties and are subject to rigorous evaluation
by expert advisers to the World Heritage Committee, International
Council on Monuments and Sites (ICOMOS) for cultural sites and/or the
World Conservation Union (IUCN) for natural sites. Decisions on the
selection of new World Heritage Sites are taken by the World Heritage
Committee at its annual summer meetings. There are currently 830 World
Heritage Sites in 138 States Parties. Some 644 are cultural sites, 162
are natural and 24 are mixed. 

4.	Inclusion in the World Heritage List is essentially honorific
and leaves the existing rights and obligations of owners, occupiers and
planning authorities unaffected.  A prerequisite for World Heritage Site
status is, nevertheless, the existence of effective legal protection and
the establishment or firm prospect of management plans agreed with site
owners to ensure each site's conservation and presentation.

5.	The UK's World Heritage Sites are currently:

Cultural
*	Ironbridge Gorge
*	Stonehenge, Avebury & Associated Sites
*	Durham Castle & Cathedral
*	Studley Royal Park including the Ruins of Fountains Abbey
*	Castles & Town Walls of King Edward in Gwynedd
*	Blenheim Palace
*	City of Bath
*	Hadrian's Wall
*	Westminster Palace, Westminster Abbey & St Margaret's Church
*	Tower of London
*	Canterbury Cathedral, St Augustine's Abbey & St Martin's Church
*	Old and New Towns of Edinburgh
*	Maritime Greenwich
*	Heart of Neolithic Orkney
*	The Historic Town of St George  & Related Fortifications,
Bermuda
*	Blaenavon Industrial Landscape
*	Derwent Valley Mills
*	Saltaire
*	New Lanark
*	Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
*	Liverpool Maritime Mercantile City
*	Cornwall and West Devon Mining Landscape

Natural
*	Giant's Causeway
*	St Kilda (dual Natural and Cultural site)
*	Henderson Island
*	Gough and Inaccessible Islands
*	Dorset and East Devon Coast


Press Enquiries  020 7211 6276
Out of hours telephone pager  07699 751153
Public enquiries  020 7211 6020
www.culture.gov.uk

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