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ANTHROPOLOGY-MATTERS  May 2018

ANTHROPOLOGY-MATTERS May 2018

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Subject:

CfP Vienna Anthropology Days: Women, Land, and Food Security in Rural India

From:

Lianne Oosterbaan <[log in to unmask]>

Reply-To:

Lianne Oosterbaan <[log in to unmask]>

Date:

Wed, 9 May 2018 11:30:10 +0100

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Dear all,

I am currently organizing a session on Women, Land, and Food Security in Rural India for the Vienna Anthropology Days held from 19th-22nd September, and I am looking for contributions for this session.

Abstracts must be submitted by Friday, 1 June 2018.

Please submit your abstract (max. 4000 characters) via the conference website: https://vanda.univie.ac.at/program/call-for-papers/

Session abstract:

Land constitutes an important source for India’s rural households’ ability to achieve food security. Tenure rights in India are severely gendered, as women may have rights of access, withdrawal, and management of land, but rarely rights of exclusion and alienation, while especially the right to alienate land defines landownership. Most land in India is privately owned and transferred though inheritance. However, many families disagree with the law on equal inheritance of land. Practices to by-pass this law include buying land directly in sons’ names, early transfer of land to sons, convincing daughters not to exercise inheritance rights, or keeping land registered in the name of the deceased. Achieving gender equitable tenure rights is complex as girls usually move away from the village where the land is located after marriage, making her unable to manage the land.

Tenure rights to private lands are important for women, but so are tenure rights to communal land and forests, which provide space for cattle to graze, for collecting firewood and fodder, and are a source of food, such as vegetables. The availability of these communal natural resources, however, is decreasing due to conversion into private (state) property, thus restricting access. The decrease in availability, and accessibility of communal natural resources thus increases risks of food poverty. Increasing women’s tenure rights would not only reduce gender inequality, but is an important step for achieving food security.

The Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land, Fisheries and Forests in the Context of National Food Security (VGGT) are directed at sustainable development in which land, especially gender equitable tenure rights, is central. The VGGT provides a globally discussed roadmap for achieving secure and equitable tenure rights, in order to end extreme hunger and poverty. In this session the focus is on the use of ethnographic data to look at the potential role of the VGGT in achieving gender equitable tenure rights in India, and how this will influence food security. The papers in this session will lead to an attempt to form recommendations on gender-equitable land governance (GELG) by improving tenure rights for women, and how this will positively influence food security.

For any questions, please do not hesitate to contact me at [log in to unmask]

Best wishes,

Lianne Oosterbaan

PhD Candidate 
Access to land: implications of customary and private land rights for food security
University of Hertfordshire
Email: [log in to unmask]

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