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Doctoral Education in Design: Foundations for the Future, La Clusaz, France, 8-12 July, 2000.

These are the final instructions to all authors for layout and other requirements for papers to be published in the proceedings of the conference. The proceedings will be available to delegates on arrival at the conference venue. To allow this to happen on time, we have a tight schedule for receipt of papers, preparation, printing and delivery to France. It is therefore essential that the deadline for sending your paper is kept.
Failure to meet this date will mean that your paper will not be published.

The papers are necessarily short. The intention of this conference is to promote discussion of issues raised, for the discussion to continue after the conference via discussion lists, and for selected authors to work up their papers into chapters for the post-conference book. Please observe the word count limits and other constraints listed here.

As the proceedings will be specially formatted, it is not important that you give your paper a specific layout. It is important that you comply with requests for content, word count, and such things as file types. If you are in any doubt about anything, please contact the editors well before the final submission date at <>

If referees have made particular comments about your proposal, these are included towards the end of this message.

Please help the editors to get the proceedings finalised by complying with the requests below. We have tried to make them as simple and as explicit as possible.


Final papers are due 26 May 2000.
These must be sent by email, or email attachment, by this date for inclusion in the published proceedings.


There is a restriction on the length of individual papers (title, abstract, main text). Papers must not be more than 2,500 words in length. You should supply a word count at the end of the text. References are not included in this word limit.
Papers will be rejected if they are longer than the word limit.

DO NOT exceed 2,500 words.


The preferred font is Times 12pt, single spaced.


Borders are to be a minimum of 20mm all around.
All text is to be left justified only.
Paragraphs are to have a line space between.

DO NOT right justify
DO NOT indent
DO NOT number sections
DO NOT number paragraphs
DO NOT use footers or headers
DO NOT add page numbers


The beginning of the paper should state the following in this order:

1 Title of paper (in caps and lower case letters)

2 Author(s) and their affiliation(s)


The abstract should be not more than 150 words. It should describe the paper succinctly. The abstract may be placed on the conference website.


Use diagrams only where necessary.
Diagrams must not be wider than 120mm.

All graphics files must be sent either as file types TIFF or EPS. No other file type is acceptable. These may be embedded in the document or sent separately. If embedded, then also send as separate files as well. If separate, ensure that insertion points are marked adequately.

Each diagram should have placed immediately under it a statement such as "Figure 1: graph of performance"

DO NOT make diagrams wider than 120mm
DO NOT use Microsoft Word drawing tools (use only TIFF or EPS files) DO NOT forget to label all diagrams.
DO NOT send graphics files in other than TIFF or EPS format


Footnotes must not be used unless they are inserted by hand eg.
by inserting a number in square brackets in the body of the text [1] and then adding the note at the end of the document as:

[1] Explanation of footnote....

DO NOT use auto footnoting


The conference proceedings will use the author-year style of bibliographic citation and reference. The author-year style, also known as "Harvard Style", is increasingly the preferred method in scientific and scholarly journals, used by most social science journals and by the leading journals in marketing and management. The recommended style is conforming to the general rules set forth in The Chicago Manual of Style. It handles every reference with a simple in-text citation, and a single, comprehensive reference list at the end of the document. This makes reference management more simple and effective than older reference styles. And it is a reference style which is easy to learn and easy to use.

The General Rules of Reference

The general rule of any bibliographic reference is that it must offer the complete information that permits a reader to find the item cited. If the cited item is part of a larger work, the reference must make it possible to locate the exact spot in the larger work where the item appears. The reference must be listed both as an in-text citation and as a reference list entry.

In-Text Citation

The citation in the text of a document refers the reader to the alphabetical reference list at the end. In the author-year system, the surname of the author and the date of publication are inserted at the appropriate point in the text. The in-text citation should be placed where the parenthetical reference least disrupts the flow of the writing. This is a matter of judgement. In most cases, the citation is best placed directly after the author's name. In some cases, it will be less obtrusive at the end of the sentence.


The citation may be made in any of several ways, depending on the nature of the text and the place of the citation within the text: ... is important in the strategic process (Lorange 1993).
Peter Lorange's (1993) analysis suggests that ... When a work has two authors, use the surnames of both authors in all citations. Join the two names by the word "and", like (Amdam and Sogner 1994). When a work has 3-6 authors, use the surnames of all authors in the first citation. In subsequent citations, include only the surname of the first author followed by "et al.": A recent study of the car industry in Poland (Haans et al. 1997) shows that ...

Specific passages quoted or cited must be located specifically by page(s). In references to a page or pages, the page numbers are separated from the year by a colon: Michael Porter (1985: 3) states that "value is what customers are willing to pay."

When referring from several pages in a book, (e.g. a chapter), though not as a quotation, it should be reflected in the citation: In contrast, the study of Fred Selnes (1998: 320-321) states that ...

The Reference List

All submissions and thesis are required to have a reference list. The list should give full details of all references used in the text. The references should be arranged in alphabetical order by the author's family name and appear as one single list at the end of the document. In the case of two or more authors, alphabetize only the name of the first author. There should be a blank line between entries. Each reference list entry must contain several key parts arranged in a specific order to be complete and correct. All items in a reference list must be consistent in style.

The reference section should be placed at the end of the document, flush left, single spaced, and started on a new page.


Basic form: Author name. Year of publication. Title. Place of publication: Name of publisher.

Examples: three examples as follows

Two authors: Kotler, Philip and Gary Armstrong. 1996. Principles of marketing. 7th ed. Englewood Cliffs, NJ.: Prentice-Hall.

Three or more authors: Reve, Torger, Terje Lensberg and Kjell Gronhaug. 1992. Et konkurransedyktig Norge. Oslo: Tano.

Editors: Roos, Goran, Georg von Krogh and Johan Roos, eds. 1997. Strategi som konkurransefortrinn. Bergen-Sandviken: Fagbokforlaget.

Chapters or Articles in Books

Basic form: Author name. Year of publication. "Chapter title." In Book title, book editor(s). Place of publication: Name of publisher.

Example: Amdam, Rolv and Gunnar Yttri. 1998. "The European Productivity Agency, the Norwegian Productivity Institute and Management Education." In Missionaries and managers: American influences on European management education, 1945-1960, edited by T. R. Gourvish and N. Tiratsoo. Manchester: Manchester University Press.

Reports in Numbered Series

Basic form: Author name. Year of publication. Title of the report. Series Title and number. Place of publication: Name of publisher.

Example: Haanes, Knut, Peter Lorange and Krzysztof Obloj 1997. Social capital as an early mover advantage: ABB and Fiat Auto in Poland. Norwegian School of Management. Discussion Paper no. 6. Sandvika: Norwegian School of Management.

Articles in Periodicals

Basic form: Author name. Year of publication. "Article title." Journal Title, volume number (issue number): pages.

Example: Stabell, Charles B. and Oystein D. Fjeldstad. 1998. "Configuring value for competitive advantage: On chains, shops and networks." Strategic Management Journal, 19 (5): 413-437.

Internet Documents

Reference to a Web Document or a Web Site should approximate as closely as possible the information required in a print citation.

Basic form: Author name. Year of publication (or access year). Title. [Type of medium]. Place of publication: Name of Publisher. Available from URL: <....>. [Accessed Date].

Example: Horem, Thorvald and Erling Sigholt. 1995. IT-anvendelser i bedrifter: Effekter og maleteknikker. [Online] Sandvika: Handelshoyskolen BI. Available from URL: . [Accessed 1998 June 19th]. * this is an abbreviated version of guidelines published by the Norwegian School of Management. Available from URL:

DO NOT number references
DO NOT use auto footnoted references


Please use only the following file types when sending your paper:

1 Microsoft Word 6 for Macintosh

2 Microsoft Word for Windows 6/95 for PC

3 ClarisWorks 4 for Macintosh or PC

Please note that this may require you to save the file in an earlier format than the application you are currently using.
This is achievable from latest versions of Microsoft Word, and is usually achievable from most word processing applications.

The text may of course be sent as plain email (ie. in the body of the email) if that is more convenient.

DO NOT send attached files higher than Word 6 for Macintosh DO NOT send attached files higher than Word 95 for PC


Please send the following by the deadline:

1 Paper to the specifications above in Word or ClarisWorks format

2 Diagrams (whether or not they are in the body of the text)

3 A text file (as plain a text file as possible, or simply in the body of the email)

DO NOT send other files - please


Brief biographical notes, for publication in the proceedings, are required from all authors. These should be 130-150 words in length and should accompany the paper; longer notes may be edited. An example of a biographical note is below.

DO NOT exceed 150 words for the biographical note.


Professor Megan Probert PhD MA(RCA) is Director of Research in the Department of Design at the University of Uttoxeter, UK.
Professional experience includes appointments as Head of Department of Art and Design, Poppleton University, UK; Senior Research Fellow, Faculty of Design Research, College of Arts, Perth, Western Australia; Research Fellow, Baltimore University, Chile; Registered HEFCE Inspector (Art & Design); Vice-Chair, Design Research Society (DRS); Editor in Chief, Design Studio Journal; Hon Secretary, Confederation of National Design Associations (CoNDA). Director, and Executive Chair, of Wand.Com design and management consultants; and Visiting Professor, University of the South Pacific. Principal areas of research interest are: the design of research into design; the design curriculum; design pedagogy; design philosophy (especially epistemology and semantics); design cognition; design educational policy; and theories of design learning. Professor Probert has publications in areas of design education curriculum, philosophy and pedagogy.

(141 words)


The referees reserve the right to refer papers back to authors for correction, or to edit papers before publication in the published proceedings.


Sample Paper in PDF format


The complete list of intending authors is shown below. Please note the session to which your paper has been allocated. This may not accord with the session that you had indicated. Many papers are appropriate to more than one of the conference themes. The organisers have therefore refocused a few papers in specific sessions in order to create a good balance of discussion across the conference as a whole.

author / session
Antilla, Pirkko 2
Archer, Bruce (Chair) 3
Biggs, Michael 2
Branco, V. et al 4
Broadbent, John; Harfield, Steve 1
Bruder, Ralph 3
Buchanan, Richard (Chair) 1
Carnegie, Fergus; Roberts, Marion 1
Chen, Kuohsiang 3
Cross, Nigel 1
Davis, Meredith 4
Dunbar, Donald 3
Egenter, Nold 1
Ehn, Pelle 3
Franz, Jill 1
Frascara, Jorge 3
Friedman, Ken 3
Gero, John 2
Goldschmidt, Gabriela 2
Graham, Beryl 4
Gregory, Judith 4
Ho, Ming-Chyuan 2
Jerrard, Robert 2
Justice, Lorraine (Chair) 4
Korvenmaa, Pekka 4
Krippendorff, Klaus 1
Kristensen 1
Kroelinger, Michael; Giard, Jacques 3
Langrish, John 3
Lee, Kun-Pyo 4
Love, Terence 1
Love, Terence 3
Maffei, Stefano 1
Malins, Julian; Gray, Carole 3
Nabarro, Ron 3
Newbury, Darren 4
Newton, Sid; Marshall, Tim 4
Nippert-Eng, Christena 1
Ojala, henrika 4
Olaison, Johann 1
Owen, Charles 1
Pizzocaro, Silvia 2
Poggenpohl, Sharon (Chair) 2
Redmond, John 4
Reinmoeller, Patrick 2
Russell, Keith 1
Rust, Chris et al 4
Sato, Keiichi 2
Scrivener, Stephen 4
Sevaldson, Birger 2
Sheehan, Norman 2
Soumitri, G. 2
Stahl, Lars-Henrik 4
Stephen, Awoniyi 2
Stewart, Susan 2
Stolterman, Erik; Nelson, Harold 1
Sugiyama, Kazuo; Shackleton, John 3
Swann, Cal 2
Tellefsen, Brynjulf 3
Verwijnen, Jan 1
Walker, Sue 3
Webb, Jane 2
Zreik, Khaldoun 2

As a reminder, the sessions are as follows:

Session 1. Philosophies and theories of design.
Session 2. Foundations and methods of design research.
Session 3. Form and structure for the doctorate in design.
Session 4. The relationship between practice and research in design.


Where there are multiple authors, we will be pleased if you will notify all co-authors of the contents of this communication.

We have in most cases taken what seemed to be the single most appropriate email address for all notifications. If the email address to which this message has been sent is not the appropriate one, please let us know.


If you have any queries about this message, please respond by email to:

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